Biogeography and diversification of hermit spiders on Indian Ocean islands (Nephilidae: Nephilengys).

@article{Kuntner2011BiogeographyAD,
  title={Biogeography and diversification of hermit spiders on Indian Ocean islands (Nephilidae: Nephilengys).},
  author={Matja{\vz} Kuntner and Ingi Agnarsson},
  journal={Molecular phylogenetics and evolution},
  year={2011},
  volume={59 2},
  pages={
          477-88
        }
}

Figures and Tables from this paper

Phylogeography of a successful aerial disperser: the golden orb spider Nephila on Indian Ocean islands
TLDR
The results suggest an African origin of Madagascar Nephila inaurata populations via Cenozoic dispersal, and the colonization of the Mascarene islands from Madagascar, which demonstrates how dispersal ability can shape both the patterns of colonization and formation of species across archipelagos.
Molecular phylogenetics of Caribbean Micrathena (Araneae : Araneidae) suggests multiple colonisation events and single island endemism
TLDR
The authors' analyses support monophyly of the genus, but not that of Caribbean Micrathena with at least 3–4 colonisations from South America, which means a revision of the taxonomy of CaribbeanMicRathena is needed.
Speciation and diversification of the beetle tribe Cratopini on the islands of the South West Indian Ocean area.
TLDR
Questions addressed range from aspects of the ecology of individual species to the relationships within islands amongst morphospecies and finally to the biogeography of the group as a whole.
Single-Island Endemism despite Repeated Dispersal in Caribbean Micrathena (Araneae: Araneidae): An Updated Phylogeographic Analysis
TLDR
The phylogeny implies greater species richness in the Caribbean than previously known, with two putative species of M. forcipata that are each single-island endemics, as well as deep divergences between the Mexican and Floridian M. sagittata.
The lace web spiders (Araneae, Phyxelididae) of Madagascar: phylogeny, biogeography and taxonomy
TLDR
These analyses suggest that there are 14 species of Phyxelididae that may be recognized from Madagascar, that these may be divided into three genera, and that the Malagasy phyxelids form a monophyletic group, probably resulting from a single invasion of the island by an ancestor from Africa.
Phylogeography of a good Caribbean disperser: Argiope argentata (Araneae, Araneidae) and a new ‘cryptic’ species from Cuba
TLDR
The results are consistent with the intermediate dispersal model suggesting that good dispersers, such as the study species, limit the effect of oceanic barriers and thus diversification and endemism.
Spintharus flavidus in the Caribbean—a 30 million year biogeographical history and radiation of a ‘widespread species’
TLDR
The first molecular phylogenetic analysis of S. flavidus provides preliminary support for a complex and contested geological hypothesis and finds evidence for a single colonization of the Caribbean about 30 million years ago, coinciding with the timing of the GAARLandia landbridge hypothesis.
Acrobat ants go global--origin, evolution and systematics of the genus Crematogaster (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).
  • B. Blaimer
  • Biology
    Molecular phylogenetics and evolution
  • 2012
Systematics of the Madagascar Anelosimus spiders: remarkable local richness and endemism, and dual colonization from the Americas
TLDR
A thorough survey of >350 colonies from Périnet, and three pilot surveys into additional Madagascar forests imply a much higher local richness and endemism in Madagascan forests than in any other comparable area globally.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 64 REFERENCES
Phylogenetic systematics of the Gondwanan nephilid spider lineage Clitaetrinae (Araneae, Nephilidae)
TLDR
A species‐level phylogenetic analysis of 32 taxa results in eight most parsimonious cladograms and places Clitaetra as sister to the clade (Herennia+ (Nephilengys+Nephila), which contains the orb‐weaving spider family Nephilidae Simon, but not Deliochus or Phonognatha.
Phylogenetics and biogeography of Mascarene angraecoid orchids (Vandeae, Orchidaceae).
Historical Biogeography of the Strepsirhine Primates of Madagascar
  • I. Tattersall
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Folia Primatologica
  • 2006
TLDR
The palaeogeographic evidence for potential land bridge or ‘stepping-stone’ connections with adjacent continents from the Mesozoic through the Cenozoic is examined, and the fossil records and phylogenies of each of Madagascar's mammalian groups are reviewed in an attempt to estimate the minimum number of crossings necessary to produce the island’s current faunal composition.
Molecular insights into the phylogenetic structure of the spider genus Theridion (Araneae, Theridiidae) and the origin of the Hawaiian Theridion‐like fauna
TLDR
Results indicate that the Hawaiian Islands were colonised by two independent Theridiinae lineages, one of which originated in the Americas and both lineages have undergone local diversification in the archipelago and have convergently evolved similar bizarre morphs.
Diversity despite dispersal: colonization history and phylogeography of Hawaiian crab spiders inferred from multilocus genetic data
TLDR
The results indicate that dispersal has been sufficiently limited to allow extensive ecological diversification, yet frequent enough that interisland migration is more common than speciation.
Reconciling the Origins of Africa, India and Madagascar with Vertebrate Dispersal Scenarios
TLDR
Most biogeographic explanations of these groups rely on Simpson’s model of sweepstakes dispersal, but there are significant problems in applying the model to migrations from Africa to Madagascar, although its application is not so intractable between India and Madagascar.
Has Vicariance or Dispersal Been the Predominant Biogeographic Force in Madagascar? Only Time Will Tell
TLDR
It is concluded that most of the present-day biota of Madagascar is comprised of the descendents of Cenozoic dispersers, predominantly with African origins.
Uncovering an overlooked radiation: molecular phylogeny and biogeography of Madagascar's endemic river snails (Caenogastropoda: Pachychilidae: Madagasikara gen. nov.)
TLDR
Although the global patterns of pachychilid distribution have earlier been interpreted to suggest a Gondwanan origin of the family, the present study does not support this postulate and addresses the historical biogeography of the Madagascan species with respect to vicariant versus dispersalist biogeographical models.
Radiation of the Spider Genus Dysdera (Araneae, Dysderidae) in the Canary Islands: Cladistic Assessment Based on Multiple Data Sets
TLDR
The present study provides a phylogenetic framework for an exceptional case of insular species radiation, an essential tool for unraveling the factors that have promoted this amazing diversification of spider genus Dysdera.
...
...