Biogeographical patterns in the diet of the wildcat, Felis silvestris Schreber, in Eurasia: factors affecting the trophic diversity

@article{Lozano2006BiogeographicalPI,
  title={Biogeographical patterns in the diet of the wildcat, Felis silvestris Schreber, in Eurasia: factors affecting the trophic diversity},
  author={Jorge Lozano and Marcos Mol{\'e}on and E. Virg{\'o}s},
  journal={Journal of Biogeography},
  year={2006},
  volume={33},
  pages={1076-1085}
}
Aim  To analyse the biogeographical patterns in the feeding habits and trophic diversity of prey of the wildcat, Felis silvestris Schreber. [...] Key MethodMethods  We reviewed 15 studies to collate data on feeding behaviour across the current wildcat distribution range. We considered nine prey groups and recorded the latitude, whether the location was within a Mediterranean bioclimate area, and rabbit presence. Prey groups were reduced into four PCA factors.Expand
Biogeographical patterns in the diet of an opportunistic predator: the red fox Vulpes vulpes in the Iberian Peninsula
TLDR
A latitudinal pattern was found in the diet of the red fox, which was character- ized by a greater consumption of lagomorphs and invertebrates in southern areas, and a higher intake of small mammals and fruits/seeds in northern regions.
Biogeographical patterns and diversity in the diet of the culpeo (Lycalopex culpaeus) in South America
TLDR
The best explanatory models of trophic diversity selected showed that the most diverse diets were those composed of large herbivores, edentates, carnivorous species, birds and herptiles, in areas of high rainfall located in protected areas.
Biogeographical patterns of the diet of Palearctic badger: Is badger an earthworm specialist predator?
TLDR
It is confirmed that badgers are generalist predators with opportunistic foraging behavior across their entire distribution range and trophic diversity of badger diets was significantly positively correlated with latitude and human activity.
Diet of otters (Lutra lutra) in various habitat types in the Pannonian biogeographical region compared to other regions of Europe
TLDR
Diet composition varied by habitat type and is therefore context dependant, and fish are consumed most frequently in the Atlantic and Boreal, less in the Continental and Pannonian, and least in the Alpine and Mediterranean regions.
Biogeographic patterns in the feeding habits of the opportunist and semiaquatic Neotropical otter
TLDR
Neotropical otter diet was found to be more similar in geographically closer areas, as well as in similar environment types, and this plasticity might be explained by the wide range of habitats occupied by otters.
The feeding habits of the African wildcat ( Felis silvestris cafra ) , a facultative trophic specialist , in the southern Kalahari ( Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park , South Africa / Botswana )
The seasonal feeding habits of the African wildcat, Felis silvestris cafra in the riverbed ecotone of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park were investigated over a period of 46 months. The diet was
Europe‐wide biogeographical patterns in the diet of an ecologically and epidemiologically important mesopredator, the red fox Vulpes vulpes: a quantitative review
TLDR
It is revealed that red fox diet composition varies considerably in response to latitude, human influence, and warm and cold periods, and Widening of fox dietary niche breadth could have important consequences for ecosystems and for the spread of zoonotic diseases.
Long-term changes in diet and trophic niche of the European wildcat (Felis silvestris silvestris) in Italy
TLDR
Long-term changes in diet and trophic niche of the European wildcat indicate high flexibility of its feeding habits, confirmed by a review of the relevant literature on wildcat diet in Europe.
Increase of large game species in Mediterranean areas: Is the European wildcat (Felis silvestris) facing a new threat?
TLDR
The high population densities that ungulates reach in some natural areas, promoted in many cases by the hunting management strategies, appear to jeopardise wildcat populations by reducing rabbit availability, so as a new key action for the conservation of European wildcat it is advocated the change of Hunting management strategies in order to control ungulate populations, and therefore facilitate the recovery of wild rabbit populations.
A continental‐scale analysis of feral cat diet in Australia
TLDR
The feral cat is an opportunistic, generalist carnivore that consumes a diverse suite of vertebrate prey across Australia, and thus cat management is likely to be necessary and most effective at the local landscape level.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 72 REFERENCES
Food habits of the wildcat (Felis silvestris) in a peculiar habitat: the Mediterranean high mountain
TLDR
The Iberian wildcat seems to behave as a facultative specialist, since it prefers rabbits whenever they are available, but rodents constitute most of its diet if rabbits are scarce or absent.
Trophic diversity of the otter (Lutra lutra L.) in temperate and Mediterranean freshwater habitats
TLDR
Geographical differences in otter feeding ecology in Europe seem to be related with the two contrasted climatic conditions affecting prey populations, and the otter can act as a highly specialized piscivorous predator in temperate freshwater ecosystems.
A change of diet from rodents to rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus). Is the wildcat (Felis silvestris) a specialist predator
TLDR
It can be stated that wildcats do not specialize in rodents, and a facultative specialization on different prey items (rabbits or rodents) according to prey availability is suggested.
Biogeographic variation of food habits and body size of the America puma
TLDR
The puma has the most extensive range of any terrestrial mammal in the Western Hemisphere, covering over 100° latitude, and food habits of different puma subspecies vary with latitude.
Trophic status and feeding habits of the European Polecat Mustela putorius L. 1758
TLDR
The constant incidence of predation on woodland rodents and amphibians gave a particular status to the Polecat and showed it to be a generalist feeder well adapted to the mid-European region.
Diet of Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus in central Spain: analysis of temporal and geographic variation
TLDR
The diet of Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus was studied for 4 years near Madrid, Spain, with the use of pellets and prey remains collected during the breeding season, which found lagomorphs to be the most important part of the diet throughout the season.
Diet composition of badgers (Meles meles) in a pristine forest and rural habitats of Poland compared to other European populations
TLDR
Diets of the Eurasian badger Meles meles were studied by scat analysis in three localities of eastern and central Poland, representing pristine forests and rural landscapes with little wood cover, showing a biogeographical pattern of feeding habits explained by variation in abundance and availability of earthworms.
Dietary response of the Eurasian badger, Meles meles , to a decline of its main prey in the Doñana National Park
TLDR
Compared the food habits of badgers in the Donana Biological Reserve (DBR) before (data of Martin et al ., 1995) and after the outbreak of RHD, while using another site where rabbit density has changed little over the last few years as a control area.
Genetic distinction of wildcat (Felis silvestris) populations in Europe, and hybridization with domestic cats in Hungary
TLDR
Genetic variability was significantly partitioned among taxonomic groups and sampling locations, suggesting that wild and domestic cats are subdivided into distinct gene pools in Europe, and Multivariate and Bayesian clustering of individual genotypes showed evidence of distinct cat groups, congruent with current taxonomy, and suggesting geographical population structuring.
Feeding ecology of the European wildcat Felis silvestris in Portugal
The feeding ecology of the European wildcat Felis silvestris Schreber, 1777 was studied by analysing 220 scats collected between January and December 1994 at Serra da Malcata Nature Reserve
...
1
2
3
4
5
...