Biogeographical comparison of winter bird assemblages in urban environments in Finland

@article{Jokimki1996BiogeographicalCO,
  title={Biogeographical comparison of winter bird assemblages in urban environments in Finland},
  author={J. Jokim{\"a}ki and J. Suhonen and Kimmo Inki and S. Jokinen},
  journal={Journal of Biogeography},
  year={1996},
  volume={23},
  pages={379-386}
}
We studied biogeographical variation of urban bird assemblages in Finland. Winter birds were censused by single-visit study plot method from thirty-one centres of villages or towns along 950 km latitudinal extent. A total twenty-eight bird species was observed and the average density was 61.2 ind./10 ha. The number of dominant species in study areas varied between two and seven and their proportion of the whole assemblage was over 70%. Species richness, but not the density of birds, decreased… Expand
Winter bird communities in urban habitats: a comparative study between central and northern Europe
Aim Urbanization can lead to uniformity in urban bird communities, and the general biogeographical patterns found in natural communities may not be found in urban ones. Thus, it is important toExpand
Winter Bird Assemblages in Rural and Urban Environments: A National Survey
TLDR
It is concluded that differences between rural and urban areas in terms of winter conditions and the availability of resources are reflected in different bird communities in the two environments. Expand
Avian community structure along an urbanization gradient
TLDR
In Turin few bird species intensively used highly urban areas, but most species made little use of the historical centre and the modern part of the city, and occupied habitats with vegetation including a patchy mosaic of meadows, plantations or semi‐natural woods. Expand
Urbanization and Stability of a Bird Community in Winter
Abstract: The main objective of this study was to analyze between-winter stability of bird communities along latitudinal (950 km) and urban gradients (from small village to towns) in Finland. BirdsExpand
Seasonal dynamics of bird communities in urban forests of a Mediterranean city (Montpellier, Southern France)
We evaluated the richness, composition and abundance of bird communities in three urban forests of Mediterranean France during winter and spring. The urban forests differed in size, composition,Expand
Distribution and habitat selection of wintering birds in urban environments
TLDR
Habitat selection of wintering land-birds was studied in 31 human settlements in Finland and three corvid species populations, P. domesticus and Columba livia domestica were positively related to human population density and the omnivorous diet of these species was a possible reason for their success in urban environments. Expand
Residential Areas Support Overwintering Possibilities of Most Bird Species
Spatial variation in wintering bird communities in different types of urban residential areas is poorly understood. The objective of tills study was to find out which bird species from the regionalExpand
How would size, age, human disturbance, and vegetation structure affect bird communities of urban parks in different seasons?
AbstractParks are diversity hotspots in cities, and are generalized isolated “islands” in urban landscapes. However, there is a paucity of information on the avian community structure of urban parksExpand
Bird abundance and diversity along an urban-rural gradient : A comparative study between two cities on different continents
We compared the avifauna in two cities, Quebec (Canada) and Rennes (France), in order to define general responses of wildlife in an urban ecosystem. These cities have a similar urban structure thatExpand
Global macroecology of bird assemblages in urbanized and semi-natural ecosystems.
Aim Despite the increasing pace of urbanization, little is known about how this process affects biodiversity globally. We investigate macroecological patterns of bird assemblages in urbanized areasExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 23 REFERENCES
Effects of urbanization on the breeding bird species richness in Finland: a biogeographical comparison
TLDR
The estimated number of breeding bird species decreased with urbanization, and the highest species richness was found in the countryside and the lowest in the large city center, supporting the widely accepted hypothesis that moderate disturbance will increase biotic diversity. Expand
Bird communities and the structure of urban habitats
TLDR
Overall, available habitat and food in highly urbanized environments strongly favour the few cavity-nesting, ground-feeding graminivorous or omnivorous bird species that have already come to dominate. Expand
Birds in European gardens in the winter and spring of 1988–89
A survey of the occurence of birds in gardens in 14 countries in western Europe was conducted between 23 October 1988 and 20 May 1989. Most of the 440 participating gardens were on the edge of townsExpand
Quantitative Composition of the Urban Bird Community in Tornio, Northern Finland
The urban breeding bird community of Tornio, near the Arctic Circle, is as dense as in many, though not all, Central European towns and cities. The urban parts of the town support 65–76 pairs/10 ha.Expand
Fluctuations of tits (Paridae) in Denmark and their relations to winter food and climate
Fluctuations in the breeding populations of tits (Paridae) were studied in North Zealand, Denmark, in 1964-1981 on plots with a surplus of nestboxes. Average breeding densities in pairs per 10 haExpand
Magpie Pica pica predation on Blackbird Turdus merula nests in urban areas
TLDR
The results from the present study suggest that Blackbird populations in urban parkland would be unlikely to maintain themselves. Expand
Winter mortality and food supply in tits Parus spp.
TLDR
It is concluded that in colour-banded populations of willow tits Parus montanus and crested tits P. cristatus, food abundance is crucial to winter survival, which limits the size of the breeding population. Expand
ENERGY CONSTRAINTS ON AVIAN DISTRIBUTIONS AND ABUNDANCES
TLDR
The findings strongly suggest that on a broad scale the winter ranges of a large number of passerines are limited by energy expen- ditures necessary to compensate for colder ambient temperatures. Expand
Latitudinal gradients in species diversity: the search for the primary cause
TLDR
Hypotheses that attempt to explain latitudinal gradients in species diversity are reviewed and include explanations assuming different degrees of competition, mutualism, predation, epiphyte load, epidemics, biotic spatial heterogeneity, host diversity, population size, niche width, population growth rate, environmental harshness, and patchiness at different latitudes. Expand
The Ecology of Urban Habitats
  • O. Gilbert
  • Environmental Science
  • Springer Netherlands
  • 1991
Preface.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Characteristics of urban flora and fauna.- 2.1 Proliferation of introduced species.- 2.2 Severe disturbance.- 2.3 Increased opportunities for dispersal.- 2.4 HabitatExpand
...
1
2
3
...