Biogeochemistry: its origins and development

  title={Biogeochemistry: its origins and development},
  author={Eville Gorham},
  • E. Gorham
  • Published 1991
  • Geology
  • Biogeochemistry
The history of how aspects of biology, geology and chemistry came together over the past three centuries to form a separate discipline known as biogeochemistry is described under four major headings: metabolic aspects, geochemical aspects, biogeochemical cycles, and the origin of life. A brief chronology of major conceptual advances is also presented. 
Future work will further pursue these avenues, with frequent use of modern, molecular methods to ascertain the role of individual species and species diversity in ecosystem function.
The evolution of biogeochemistry: revisited
  • T. Bianchi
  • Environmental Science
  • 2020
The evolution of biogeochemistry, retraces the important historical steps in part, covered by Gorham (Biogeochemistry 13:199–239, 1991) in the 18–19th centuries—with new emergent linkages and trends
Hydrochemical monitoring of catchments provided a philosophical framework as well as hard data to understand and quantify the linked biological and abiotic processes that explain how atmospheric
Ideas and perspectives: Biogeochemistry – some key foci for the future
Abstract. Biogeochemistry has an important role to play in many environmental issues of current concern related to global change and air, water, and soil quality. However, reliable predictions and
The future of research in canadian peatlands: A brief survey with particular reference to global change
Suggestions are made for future research on Canadian peatlands under several headings: distribution across the country, landscape features, environmental factors (hydrology, microclimatology,
The value of paleoecology as an aid to monitoring ecosystems and landscapes, chiefly with reference to North America
Paleoecological indicators are examined as to their accuracy in reconstructing past biotic communities and environmental conditions, their utility in answering important questions about such
V.I. Vernadskii and the development of biogeochemical understandings of the biosphere, c.1880s–1968
  • J. Oldfield, D. Shaw
  • Environmental Science
    The British Journal for the History of Science
  • 2012
Abstract General notions of the biosphere are widely recognized and form important elements of contemporary debate concerning global environmental change, helping to focus attention on the complex
Historical Roots of Forest Hydrology and Biogeochemistry
The scientific disciplines of forest hydrology and forest biogeochemistry have contributed greatly to our understanding of the natural world even though they are relatively young disciplines. In this


A 3,800-million-year isotopic record of life from carbon in sedimentary rocks
An increased ratio of 12C to 13C, an indicator of the principal carbon-fixing reaction of photosynthesis, is found in sedimentary organic matter dating back to almost four thousand million years
The acidity problem — An outline of concepts
The nature and extent of acid precipitation is reviewed. Studies have shown that significant decreases in the pH of rain have occurred in Scandinavia and the northeastern United States during the
On geography and its history
David Stoddart views the evolution of geography from the perspective of the history of ideas and of science. He examines, for example, the impact of Darwin, Lyell and Huxley in the late 19th and 20th
Geologic history of sea water
Paleontology and biochemistry together may yield fairly definite information, eventually, about the paleochemistry of sea water and atmosphere. Several less conclusive lines of evidence now available
Fundamentals of ecology
  • E. Odum
  • Environmental Science, Biology
  • 1953
Preface. Eugene P. Odum and Gary W. Barrett. 1. The Scope of Ecology. 2. The Ecosystem. 3. Energy in Ecological Systems. 4. Biogeochemical Cycles. 5. Limiting and Regulatory Factors. 6. Population
Atmospheric and hydrospheric evolution on the primitive earth. Both secular accretion and biological and geochemical processes have affected earth's volatile envelope.
Biospheric, hydrospheric, lithospheric and atmospheric evolution on primitive earth, discussing secular accretion and biological and geochemical processes effect on volatile envelope
Life span of the biosphere
There has been life on Earth for at least 3,500 Myr but the assumption that a comparable future lies ahead may not be justified. Main sequence stars appear to increase their burning rate as they age.
Pre-biotic organic matter from comets and asteroids
About 20 g cm−2 intact organic carbon may have accumulated in the few hundred million years between the last cataclysmic impact and the beginning of life, which may have included some biologically important compounds that did not form by abiotic synthesis on Earth.
Biotic enhancement of weathering and the habitability of Earth
AN important question in the Earth sciences is the role of the biota in the chemical weathering of silicate rocks, which affects atmospheric CO2 and therefore climate1-10. No comprehensive study of
Sources and Isotopic Composition of Atmospheric Sulfur
In nonindustrial areas the prime source of SO--4 in rain and snow is atmospherically oxidized H2S that is produced predominately along coastal belts by anaerobic bacteria. The δ S34 analyses of