Biogenesis and functions of bacterial S-layers

@article{Fagan2014BiogenesisAF,
  title={Biogenesis and functions of bacterial S-layers},
  author={Robert P. Fagan and Neil F Fairweather},
  journal={Nature Reviews Microbiology},
  year={2014},
  volume={12},
  pages={211-222}
}
The outer surface of many archaea and bacteria is coated with a proteinaceous surface layer (known as an S-layer), which is formed by the self-assembly of monomeric proteins into a regularly spaced, two-dimensional array. Bacteria possess dedicated pathways for the secretion and anchoring of the S-layer to the cell wall, and some Gram-positive species have large S-layer-associated gene families. S-layers have important roles in growth and survival, and their many functions include the… Expand
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
The following review up-dates the functional basis of S-layers and describes such diverse topics as the effect of S -layers on the Gram stain, bacteriophage adsorption in lactobacilli, phagocytosis by human polymorphonuclear leukocytes, the adhesion of a high-molecular-mass amylase, outer membrane porosity, and the secretion of extracellular enzymes of Thermoanaerobacterium. Expand
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TLDR
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TLDR
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