Biofortification to Improve Nutrition: A Review

  title={Biofortification to Improve Nutrition: A Review},
  author={Neha Agrawal and Priyanka Upadhyay and Santosh B. Tigadi},
  journal={International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences},
―Biofortification‖ refers to enhanced nutrition in food crops with increased bioavailability to the human that are developed and grown by using transgenic techniques, conventional plant breeding, or agronomic practices. Micronutrient deficiencies leads to hidden hunger which distress more than two billion individuals, or one in three people, globally (FAO et al., 2015). These deficiencies occur when intake and absorption of vitamins and minerals are in adequate to sustain decent health and… Expand
Biofortification to Improve Nutrition: A Review
Agriculture is enduring a shift from producing quantity of food crops to producing nutrient-rich food crops in sufficient quantities, which will help in fighting ―hidden hunger‖ especially in poor and developing countries, where diets are subject to micronutrient-poor staple food crops. Expand


Biofortification: A New Tool to Reduce Micronutrient Malnutrition
Objective HarvestPlus seeks to develop and distribute varieties of food staples that are high in iron, zinc, and provitamin A through an interdisciplinary, global alliance of scientific institutions and implementing agencies in developing and developed countries. Expand
Biofortification of crops for reducing malnutrition
Current strategies of crop biofortification and future prospects towards the development of biofortified crops are summarized. Expand
HarvestPlus: Breeding Crops for Better Nutrition
For biofortification to succeed, product profiles developed by plant breeders must be driven by nutrition research and impact objectives and that nutrition research must understand that the probability of success for biofortified crops increases substantially when product concepts consider farmer adoption and, hence, agronomic superiority. Expand
Biofortification of staple food crops.
Scientific evidence shows biofortification as being important in the armamentarium for controlling micronutrient deficiencies and the challenge is to get producers and consumers to accept biofortified crops and increase their intake of the target nutrients. Expand
Breeding for micronutrients in staple food crops from a human nutrition perspective.
The world's agricultural community should adopt plant breeding and other genetic technologies to improve human health, and the world's nutrition and health communities should support these efforts. Expand
The contribution of transgenic plants to better health through improved nutrition: opportunities and constraints
Different approaches that can enhance the nutritional content of staple crops by genetic engineering (GE) as well as the functionality and safety assessments required before nutritionally enhanced GE crops can be deployed in the field are discussed. Expand
Economics of enhanced micronutrient density in food staples
Abstract The combining of benefits for human nutrition and agricultural productivity, resulting from breeding staple food crops which are more efficient in the micronutrient metal uptake from theExpand
Impact of foods nutritionally enhanced through biotechnology in alleviating malnutrition in developing countries.
Biofortification of staple crops through modern biotechnology can potentially help in alleviating malnutrition in developing countries, and the ready availability and consumption of the biofortified crops would have a significant impact in reducing malnutrition and the risk of chronic disease in developed countries. Expand
Can Biofortified Crops Help Attain Food Security?
  • K. Hefferon
  • Engineering
  • Current Molecular Biology Reports
  • 2016
Malnutrition, or “hidden hunger,” continues to linger throughout the developing world. This is partially the result of a lack of access to a diversified diet. A burgeoning human population and theExpand
Transgenic strategies for the nutritional enhancement of plants.
Current strategies for the biofortification of crops are reviewed, including mineral fertilization and conventional breeding but focusing on transgenic approaches which offer the most rapid way to develop high-nutrient commercial cultivars are reviewed. Expand