Biofiltration of ammonia gas with sponge cubes coated with mixtures of activated carbon and zeolite.

Abstract

Removal of ammonia gas was investigated using a biofilter system packed with small cubes of polyurethane sponge that were coated with a powder mixture of activated carbon and natural zeolite. Experimental tests and measurements include removal efficiency, pH, metabolic products of ammonia and kinetic analysis. A removal efficiency over 90% can be obtained with ammonia concentrations below 150 ppm and at contact times above 23 sec.The ammonia adsorbing power of the present biocarrier can protect the biofilter system from a high ammonia shock loading in the feed. The maximum removal rate, Vm, obtained from the kinetic analysis is 8.47 g N (kg carrier)(-1) day(-1) and the saturation constant Ks is 50.36 ppm. Nitrite is produced dominantly during the entire experiments. The cell number of nitrifying bacteria is 1.58 x 10( cell (g carrier)(-1). The present synthetic bio-carrier is considered to be one of the best among bio-carriers that have been used for the biofiltration of ammonia.

Cite this paper

@article{Kim2002BiofiltrationOA, title={Biofiltration of ammonia gas with sponge cubes coated with mixtures of activated carbon and zeolite.}, author={H Kim and Qiaoyue Xi and Y J Kim and S Y Chung}, journal={Environmental technology}, year={2002}, volume={23 8}, pages={839-47} }