Applications of molecularly imprinted polymers for solid-phase extraction of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and analgesics from environmental waters and biological samples.
The sorption process of selected non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (ibuprofen, naproxen, ketoprofen, diclofenac) on biofilm covered river sediments were investigated in laboratory. In the course of the experiments, the effect of pH of aqueous phase, the effect of TOC (total organic carbon) content of biofilm on the sorption processes were studied. The determination of concentration of drugs was performed by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) both in liquid and solid phases. The pseudo-first-order rate constant of the sorption was found to be 83 min(-1). The effect of pH on the sorption of diclofenac was significantly lower than the obtained values in case of the other three drugs. The calculated K(d) (sorption coefficient) values increased in the sequence of ibuprofen, naproxen, ketoprofen and diclofenac and varied between 0.1-0.4; 0.2-0.7; 0.2-1.2; 0.2-1.4 kg L(-1) respectively, depending on the characteristics of the sediments. The value of K(d)×f(oc) showed a straight line as function of f(oc) (fraction of organic carbon) therefore, instead of the widely distributed normalization process (K(d)/f(oc)), an empirical equation (K(d)=A/f(oc)+B) was suggested for estimation of the K(d) values in case of different TOC content sediments.