Biofeedback in the treatment of phantom limb pain: a time-series analysis.

@article{Harden2005BiofeedbackIT,
  title={Biofeedback in the treatment of phantom limb pain: a time-series analysis.},
  author={Robert Norman Harden and Timothy T. Houle and Samara Green and Thomas A Remble and Stephan R. Weinland and Sean Colio and Jeffrey Lauzon and Todd Kuiken},
  journal={Applied psychophysiology and biofeedback},
  year={2005},
  volume={30 1},
  pages={83-93}
}
Phantom limb pain (PLP) is a noxious, painful sensation that is perceived to occur in an amputated limb. It has been reported to occur in up to 85% of amputees. This pilot study examined the effectiveness of biofeedback in the treatment of nine individuals with PLP who received up to seven thermal/autogenic biofeedback sessions over the course of 4-6 weeks. Pain was assessed daily using the visual analog scale (VAS), the sum of the sensory descriptors, and the sum of the affective descriptors… CONTINUE READING