Bioeconomics of schooling fishes: selfish fish, quasi-free riders, and other fishy tales

  title={Bioeconomics of schooling fishes: selfish fish, quasi-free riders, and other fishy tales},
  author={Janet Tai Landa},
  journal={Environmental Biology of Fishes},
  • J. Landa
  • Published 1 December 1998
  • Environmental Science
  • Environmental Biology of Fishes
Applying the economic theory of clubs to the biological literature on schooling fish, this paper develops a 'selfish fish' club-theoretic paradigm of why fish join a fish school, and arrive at the following conclusions. A selfish fish: (a) joins the fish school because it derives hydrodynamic benefits (a club good); the selfish fish is a 'quasi-free rider'; (b) has no incentive to completely free ride on the benefits of the club good, because it will be, literally, left behind by the school… 
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