Biodiversity redistribution under climate change: Impacts on ecosystems and human well-being

  title={Biodiversity redistribution under climate change: Impacts on ecosystems and human well-being},
  author={Gretta T. Pecl and Miguel Bastos Ara{\'u}jo and Johann D. Bell and Julia L. Blanchard and Timothy C. Bonebrake and I-Ching Chen and Timothy D. Clark and Robert K. Colwell and Finn Danielsen and Birgitta Eveng{\aa}rd and Lorena Falconi and Simon Ferrier and Stewart Frusher and Raquel A. Garcia and Roger B. Griffis and Alistair J. Hobday and Charlene Janion‐Scheepers and Marta A. Jarzyna and Sarah Jennings and Jonathan Lenoir and Hlif I. Linnetved and Victoria Y. Martin and Phillipa C. McCormack and Jan McDonald and Nicola J. Mitchell and Tero Mustonen and John M. Pandolfi and Nathalie Pettorelli and Ekaterina Popova and Sharon A. Robinson and Brett R. Scheffers and Justine D. S. Shaw and Cascade J. B. Sorte and Jan M. Strugnell and Jennifer M. Sunday and Mao‐Ning Tuanmu and Adriana Verg{\'e}s and Cecilia Villanueva and Thomas Wernberg and Erik Wapstra and Stephen E. Williams},
Consequences of shifting species distributions Climate change is causing geographical redistribution of plant and animal species globally. These distributional shifts are leading to new ecosystems and ecological communities, changes that will affect human society. Pecl et al. review these current and future impacts and assess their implications for sustainable development goals. Science, this issue p. eaai9214 BACKGROUND The success of human societies depends intimately on the living components… 

Predicted climate shifts within terrestrial protected areas worldwide

This work calculates the projected gain and loss of climate conditions within terrestrial protected areas worldwide and guides adaptation measures towards PAs that are strongly affected by climate change, and of low adaption capacity and high conservation value.

Marine biodiversity and climate change

Poleward bound: adapting to climate-driven species redistribution

This work describes key drivers related to climate-driven species redistributions that are likely to have a high impact and influence on whether a sustainable future is achievable by 2030 and synthesises examples of such actions as the basis of a strategic approach to tackle this global-scale challenge.


Climate change is shifting species distribution all around the world. Amphibians are particularly vulnerable to these environmental changes, as they are highly sensitive to fluctuations in rainfall

Can ecosystem functioning be maintained despite climate‐driven shifts in species composition? Insights from novel marine forests

Climate change is driving a redistribution of species and the reconfiguration of ecological communities at a global scale. Persistent warming in many regions has caused species to extend their

Distinct interspecific and intraspecific vulnerability of coastal species to global change

This study compares inter- and intra-specific patterns of biological composition to determine how vulnerability to climate change, and its environmental drivers, vary across species and populations, and suggests a mismatch between future habitat suitability and genomic vulnerability.

Climate change, biological invasions, and the shifting distribution of Mediterranean fishes: A large‐scale survey based on local ecological knowledge

This work accessed the local ecological knowledge (LEK) of small-scale and recreational fishers, reconstructing the dynamics of fish perceived as "new" or increasing in different fishing areas and demonstrates that adequately structured LEK methodology might be applied successfully beyond the local scale, across national borders and jurisdictions.

Accelerated shifts in terrestrial life zones under rapid climate change

Rapid climate change is impacting biodiversity, ecosystem function, and human well‐being. Though the magnitude and trajectory of climate change are becoming clearer, our understanding of how these

Temperature-related biodiversity change across temperate marine and terrestrial systems

A strong coupling between biodiversity and temperature changes in the marine realm is found, which is conditional on the baseline climate, and systematic temperature-related richness or abundance trends on land are detected, despite a greater magnitude of warming.



Climate Change Refugia for Terrestrial Biodiversity: defining areas that promote species persistence and ecosystem resilience in the face of global climate change

We are currently facing the likelihood of severe climate change before the close of the century. In the face of such a global driver of species loss, we urgently need to identify refugia that will

Climate-Related Local Extinctions Are Already Widespread among Plant and Animal Species

  • J. Wiens
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    PLoS biology
  • 2016
Overall, the results suggest that local extinctions related to climate change are already widespread, even though levels of climate change so far are modest relative to those predicted in the next 100 years.

Long-term empirical evidence of ocean warming leading to tropicalization of fish communities, increased herbivory, and loss of kelp

An increase in the proportion of warmwater species (“tropicalization”) as oceans warm is increasing fish herbivory in kelp forests, contributing to their decline and subsequent persistence in alternate “kelp-free” states, and posing a significant threat to kelp-dominated ecosystems in Australia and globally.

Multiple Dimensions of Climate Change and Their Implications for Biodiversity

This review critically assesses the variety of metrics commonly used to describe climate change in biodiversity-impact assessments covering local changes in climate averages and extremes, regional changes in the availability and position of climates, and the velocity of climate change.

Do stream fish track climate change? Assessing distribution shifts in recent decades

Understanding the ability of species to shift their distribution ranges in response to climate change is crucial for conservation biologists and resources managers. Although freshwater ecosystems

Climate-driven regime shift of a temperate marine ecosystem

It is shown that extreme warming of a temperate kelp forest off Australia resulted not only in its collapse, but also in a shift in community composition that brought about an increase in herbivorous tropical fishes that prevent the reestablishment of kelp.

Climate change and deepening of the North Sea fish assemblage: a biotic indicator of warming seas

Summary 1. Climate change impacts have been observed on individual species and species subsets; however, it remains to be seen whether there are systematic, coherent assemblage-wide responses to

Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100.

This study identified a ranking of the importance of drivers of change, aranking of the biomes with respect to expected changes, and the major sources of uncertainties in projections of future biodiversity change.

Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Ecosystem Services in Europe: The Case of Pest Control by Vertebrates

Global environmental changes threaten ecosystems and cause significant alterations to the supply of ecosystem services that are vital for human well-being. We provide an assessment of the potential

Ecological Dynamics Across the Arctic Associated with Recent Climate Change

These rapid changes in terrestrial, freshwater, and marine systems, presage changes at lower latitudes that will affect natural resources, food production, and future climate buffering, and highlight areas of ecological research that deserve priority as the Arctic continues to warm.