Biodiversity and pest management in orchard systems. A review

@article{Simon2011BiodiversityAP,
  title={Biodiversity and pest management in orchard systems. A review},
  author={Sylvaine Simon and Jean Charles Bouvier and Jean-François Debras and Benoǐt Sauphanor},
  journal={Agronomy for Sustainable Development},
  year={2011},
  volume={30},
  pages={139-152}
}
Conventional agriculture is based on a high level of chemical inputs such as pesticides and fertilisers, leading to serious environmental impacts, health risks and loss of biodiversity in agrosystems. The reduction of pesticide use is a priority for intensively sprayed agricultural systems such as orchards. The preservation and promotion of biodiversity within orchards and their boundaries is therefore an issue to explore. Indeed, orchard systems contain high plant diversity and perennial multi… Expand

Tables from this paper

Conservation Biocontrol: Principles and Implementation in Organic Farming
Conventional agricultural systems have become more intensive and pesticide-dependent over the last few decades. The contamination of the environment by pesticides, the use of mineral fertilisers, andExpand
What evidence exists on the impact of agricultural practices in fruit orchards on biodiversity? A systematic map
Background Biodiversity loss, partly due to intensification of agriculture, has become a global issue. In this context, fruit producers have been looking for nature-friendly production methods. ByExpand
What evidence exists on the impact of agricultural practices in fruit orchards on biodiversity indicator species groups? A systematic map protocol
TLDR
A systematic map is conducted to assess what evidence exists on the impact of agricultural practices in fruit orchards on biodiversity indicator species groups and to provide a wide-ranging overview of existing evidence and its transfer to extension services and public perception. Expand
Causal relationship between biodiversity of insect population and agro-management in organic and conventional apple orchard
TLDR
It is found that density and diversity of insect indicator taxa were high in organic soil and in the conventional soil, which was attributed to above-the-norms rainfall in 2014 and 2015 and agro-management practices such as mulching and organic fertilization, and re-designing the AI index to reflect important factors such as agroecological conditions. Expand
Landscape and biodiversity as new resources for agro-ecology? Insights from farmers’ perspectives
Pesticide reduction is a key current challenge. Scientific findings in landscape ecology suggest that complex landscapes favor insect pest biological control by conservation of natural enemyExpand
Ecosystem services in orchards. A review
Arboriculture must maintain acceptable fruit production levels while preserving natural resources. This duality can be analyzed with the concept of ecosystem service. We reviewed the literature onExpand
Predatory arthropods in apple orchards across Europe: Responses to agricultural management, adjacent habitat, landscape composition and country
Abstract Local agri-environmental schemes, including hedgerows, flowering strips, organic management, and a landscape rich in semi-natural habitat patches, are assumed to enhance the presence ofExpand
Management diversity within organic production influences epigeal spider communities in apple orchards
TLDR
The most striking finding was that spiders that use webs to forage (Linyphiidae, Agenilidae and Titanoecidae) were favoured in the Net group, probably because these nets protect the orchards from the major pest, allowing reduced pesticide use but also because the nets protect orchard from the windy conditions frequently observed around Avignon. Expand
Biodiversity and yield under different land-use types in orchard/vineyard landscapes: A meta-analysis
Abstract Although there are several alternative approaches to conventional farming for the nexus of food and biodiversity, the effects of different land management regimes on biodiversityExpand
How to integrate cover crops to enhance sustainability in banana and citrus cropping systems
In Martinique (French West Indies), because of the susceptibility of the insular environment, the demand from society and policy-makers is high for sustainable and environmentally friendly fruitExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 269 REFERENCES
Biodiversity and pest management in orchard systems
TLDR
This analysis of literature on the effects of the manipulation of plant diversity and habitats on the control of pests by arthropod and bird communities in apple, pear and peach orchards reveals the difficulties of identifying selected plants or plant assemblages for theControl of key pests. Expand
Ecological impact of three pest management systems in New Zealand apple orchards
TLDR
Three apple pest-management regimes are being compared for their ecological impacts, and their ability to ensure the economic production of high-quality apples, and the economics appear favourable for producing export-quality fruit in future. Expand
Does organic farming benefit biodiversity
Abstract The intensification and expansion of modern agriculture is amongst the greatest current threats to worldwide biodiversity. Over the last quarter of the 20th century, dramatic declines inExpand
The influence of landscape on insect pest dynamics: a case study in southeastern France
Managing the spatial distribution of crop and non-crop habitats over landscapes could be used as a means to reduce insect pest densities. In this study, we investigated whether or not landscapeExpand
The effects of organic agriculture on biodiversity and abundance: a meta‐analysis
TLDR
It is suggested that positive effects of organic farming on species richness can be expected in intensively managed agricultural landscapes, but not in small-scale landscapes comprising many other biotopes as well as agricultural fields. Expand
Vegetational Diversity and Arthropod Population Response
TLDR
Vegetational diversity plays a central role in this research renaissance on cultural and biological controls in entomology because it involves mixing different kinds of plants in a plant community. Expand
Effect of ecological compensation areas on floristic and breeding bird diversity in Swiss agricultural landscapes
Abstract In the 1990s the Swiss agricultural policy was reformed and new environmental objectives were formulated. The aims of the reform were to halt the loss of agro-biodiversity and to enable theExpand
Organic and integrated agriculture: the effects on bird communities in orchard farms in northern Italy
TLDR
The results confirm the positive effects of (o) and (i) agriculture on bird communities, including some species of special interest for nature conservation. Expand
Biodiversity: Function and Assessment in Agricultural Areas: A Review
TLDR
The relevance of assessment tools is required in order to understand and evaluate the impact of farm practices on the different compartments of biodiversity at the patch scale to the landscape scale and their suitability and limits are discussed. Expand
Arthropod pest management in organic crops.
TLDR
The present work uses the four phases of the model to review the strategies in an agroecological context and provides a synthesis of the factors that influence the success of each phase. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...