Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

  title={Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective},
  author={Shahid Naeem and Daniel E Bunker and Andy Hector and Michel Loreau and Charles Perrings},
In an age of accelerating biodiversity loss, this timely and critical volume summarizes recent advances in biodiversity-ecosystem functioning research and explores the economics of biodiversity and ecosystem services. The book starts by summarizing the development of the basic science and provides a meta-analysis that quantitatively tests several biodiversity and ecosystem functioning hypotheses. It then describes the natural science foundations of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning… 

Response diversity determines the resilience of ecosystems to environmental change

A conceptual model is provided to describe how loss of response diversity may cause ecosystem degradation through decreased ecosystem resilience, and how response diversity contributes to functional compensation and to spatio‐temporal complementarity among species, leading to long‐term maintenance of ecosystem multifunctionality.

The economics of biodiversity: the evolving agenda

  • C. Perrings
  • Environmental Science, Economics
    Environment and Development Economics
  • 2010
ABSTRACT This paper assesses how the economics of biodiversity, as a field, has evolved in response to developments in biodiversity science and policy over the life of the journal, Environment and

Effects of Ecosystem Diversity on Species Richness and Ecosystem Functioning and Services: A General Conceptualization

Biodiversity has a hierarchical structure, consisting of genetic, species, and ecosystem levels. Although the importance of genetic and species diversities is well recognized from both basic and

Biodiversity, ecosystem services, and climate change : the economic problem

Climate change is both a cause and an effect of biodiversity change. Along with anthropogenic dispersion, climate change is the main driver of change in the geographical distribution of both

Biodiversity promotes ecosystem functioning despite environmental change

It is found that biodiversity increased ecosystem functioning in both ambient and manipulated environments, but often not to the same degree, and that high-diversity communities were more resistant to environmental change.

Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in stressed environments : primary producers and consumers at the basis of marine food webs

Biodiversity is increasingly altered by human activities, which has led to considerable research on the consequences of biodiversity loss for ecosystem functioning. The anthropogenic stressors

The Functions of Biological Diversity in an Age of Extinction

Recent advances in the young and evolving field of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning are reviewed, the extent to which the field is becoming a predictive science is explored, and how the field needs to develop in order to aid worldwide efforts to achieve environmental sustainability in the face of rising rates of extinction is explored.

Microalgae in Ecology: Ecosystem Functioning Experiments

TheUnderstanding of the processes underlying the ecosystem functioning of aquatic systems and the impact of global change is far beyond the understanding of the terrestrial systems, so studies on the functions of aquatic ecosystems are required.

Forest restoration, biodiversity and ecosystem functioning

An overview of important considerations related to forest restoration that can be inferred from the biodiversity-ecosystem functioning (BEF) perspective are provided.

Processes that influence biodiversity, ecosystem functioning, and stability in grasslands

Biodiversity is rapidly declining worldwide, and this may lead to subsequent declines in ecosystem functioning and stability. Here I consider whether: (i) stabilizing species interactions, such as



The relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in food webs

Recent theoretical and experimental work provides clear evidence that biodiversity loss can have profound impacts on functioning of natural and managed ecosystems and the ability of ecosystems to

Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Maintaining Natural Life Support Processes

Critical processes at the ecosystem level influence plant productivity, soil fertility, water quality, atmospheric chemistry, and many other local and global environmental conditions that ultimately

Biological Diversity, Ecosystems, and the Human Scale

This paper considers the significance of biological diversity in relation to large-scale processes in complex and dynamic ecological-economic systems. It focuses on functional diversity, and its

Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: recent theoretical advances

Recent theoretical developments in the area of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning suggest that linking community and ecosystem ecology is a fruitful avenue, which paves the way for a new ecological synthesis.

Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: issues of scale and trophic complexity

Research on the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning is enter- ing a new phase. The main driver behind this is an awareness that biodiversity loss operates at large spatial


Understanding this complexity, while taking strong steps to minimize current losses of species, is necessary for responsible management of Earth's ecosystems and the diverse biota they contain.

Quantifying the evidence for biodiversity effects on ecosystem functioning and services.

The first rigorous quantitative assessment of the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem process rates through meta-analysis of experimental work spanning 50 years to June 2004 shows that biodiversity effects are weaker if biodiversity manipulations are less well controlled.

Expanding scales in biodiversity-based research: challenges and solutions for marine systems

An overview of the issues, the framework, and some directions marine ecology could take to further the understanding of the ecosystem consequences of marine biodiversity loss is provided.

Marine biodiversity and ecosystem services: an elusive link.

  • Duarte
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of experimental marine biology and ecology
  • 2000

Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: a mechanistic model.

  • M. Loreau
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1998
A mechanistic model of a spatially structured ecosystem in which plants compete for a limiting soil nutrient shows that plant species richness does not necessarily enhance ecosystem processes, but it identifies two types of factors that could generate such an effect: complementarity among species in the space they occupy below ground and positive correlation between mean resource-use intensity and diversity.