Biocompatibility studies of titanium-based alloy pedicle screw and rod system: histological aspects.


BACKGROUND CONTEXT Few histological studies of pedicle screw and rod systems have been done, and spinal surgery with pedicle screw and rod system is increasing. PURPOSE To know the biocompatibility of pedicle screw and rod systems histologically. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING Titanium-based alloy pedicle screws were removed from 20 patients. Histological studies… (More)


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