Biobehavioral responses to stress in females: tend-and-befriend, not fight-or-flight.

@article{Taylor2000BiobehavioralRT,
  title={Biobehavioral responses to stress in females: tend-and-befriend, not fight-or-flight.},
  author={S. Taylor and L. C. Klein and B. P. Lewis and T. Gruenewald and R. A. Gurung and J. Updegraff},
  journal={Psychological review},
  year={2000},
  volume={107 3},
  pages={
          411-29
        }
}
  • S. Taylor, L. C. Klein, +3 authors J. Updegraff
  • Published 2000
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Psychological review
  • The human stress response has been characterized, both physiologically and behaviorally, as "fight-or-flight." Although fight-or-flight may characterize the primary physiological responses to stress for both males and females, we propose that, behaviorally, females' responses are more marked by a pattern of "tend-and-befriend." Tending involves nurturant activities designed to protect the self and offspring that promote safety and reduce distress; befriending is the creation and maintenance of… CONTINUE READING
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