Bio-char Sequestration in Terrestrial Ecosystems – A Review

  title={Bio-char Sequestration in Terrestrial Ecosystems – A Review},
  author={Johannes Lehmann and John L. Gaunt and Marco Antonio Rond{\'o}n},
  journal={Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change},
The application of bio-char (charcoal or biomass-derived black carbon (C)) to soil is proposed as a novel approach to establish a significant, long-term, sink for atmospheric carbon dioxide in terrestrial ecosystems. Apart from positive effects in both reducing emissions and increasing the sequestration of greenhouse gases, the production of bio-char and its application to soil will deliver immediate benefits through improved soil fertility and increased crop production. Conversion of biomass C… 

Biochar in agriculture - prospects and related implications

It is reported that black carbon can produce significant benefits when applied to agricultural soils in combination with some fertilizers, and increase in crop yield to the tune of 45–250% has been reported by application of biochar along with chemical fertilizers.

Charcoal addition to soils in NE England: a carbon sink with environmental co-benefits?

An Economic Assessment of Soil Carbon Sequestration with Biochar in Germany

Biochar is a carbon-rich solid obtained from the heating of biomass in the (near) absence of oxygen in a process called pyrolysis. Its soil incorporation is increasingly discussed as a means to

Thermochemical Transformation of Agro-biomass into Biochar: Simultaneous Carbon Sequestration and Soil Amendment

The gradual rise in average global temperature over the last few decades is the evidence of adversities of climate change. Therefore, the research and development efforts to investigate and

Carbon sequestration in soil

Carbon (C) sequestration in soil implies transfer and secure storage of atmospheric CO2 into the soil organic carbon (SOC) pool as recalcitrant humus/biochar and into the soil inorganic carbon (SIC)

Sustainable biochar to mitigate global climate change

The maximum sustainable technical potential of biochar to mitigate climate change is estimated, which shows that it has a larger climate-change mitigation potential than combustion of the same sustainably procured biomass for bioenergy, except when fertile soils are amended while coal is the fuel being offset.

Potential of wastelands for carbon sequestration- A review

One of the most important issues of the 21st century in India is carbon (C) management through carbon sequestration and its long term storage. Enhancing carbon sequestration in degraded agricultural

The Biochar Effect: plant resistance to biotic stresses

There are indications that biochar induces responses along both systemic acquired resistance (SAR) and induced systemic resistance (ISR) pathways, resulting in a broad spectrum controlling capacity in the canopy.

Hydrochar enhances growth of poplar for bioenergy while marginally contributing to direct soil carbon sequestration

Hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) has been proposed as an alternative method to pyrolysis for producing C‐rich amendments for soil C sequestration. However, the use of hydrochar (HC) as soil amendment

Carbon sequestration in soils-A Review

Agricultural soils can be a source or sink for atmospheric CO2 depending upon the management practices and land use patterns. Progressive increase in the concentration of GHGs since industrial era



Agricultural activities and the global carbon cycle

  • R. Lal
  • Environmental Science
    Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems
  • 2004
The observed and projected increase in emission of greenhouse gases, with attendant effects on global warming and sea level rise, have raised interests in identifying mitigation options. Terrestrial

Mitigation of atmospheric CO 2 concentrations by increased carbon sequestration in the soil

The International Panel on Climate Change distinguished three main options for the mitigation of atmospheric CO2 concentrations by the agricultural sector: (1) reduction of agriculture-related

Potential of Co2 emission reductions by carbonizing biomass waste from industrial tree plantation in South Sumatra, Indonesia

Approximately half of the carbon in trees can be fixed to charcoal by carbonization. Porous charcoal is useful as a soil amendment for crop fields and forests, and also as a water purifying agent.

Bioenergy Crops and Carbon Sequestration

Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions constitute a global problem. The need for agricultural involvement in GHG mitigation has been widely recognized since the 1990s. The concept of C sinks, C credits, and

Ameliorating physical and chemical properties of highly weathered soils in the tropics with charcoal – a review

Abstract. Rapid turnover of organic matter leads to a low efficiency of organic fertilizers applied to increase and sequester C in soils of the humid tropics. Charcoal was reported to be responsible

Potential of CO_2 emission reductions by carbonizing biomass waste from industrial tree plantation in South Sumatra, Indonesia

Approximately half of the carbon in trees can be触ed to charcoal by carbonlZation・ porous charcoal is useful as a soil amendment for cropfields and forests, and also as a water purifying agent・ Given

Charcoal Carbon in U.S. Agricultural Soils

High levels of charcoal C resulting from repeated historical burning of grasslands, open woodlands, and agricultural crop residues have been reported in soils from Australia and Germany. In this

Slash-and-char : a feasible alternative for soil fertility management in the Central Amazon ?

The application of charcoal to nutrient-poor upland soils of the central Amazon was tested in lysimeter studies in comparison to unamended control to evaluate the effects of charcoal on plant

Limited carbon storage in soil and litter of experimental forest plots under increased atmospheric CO2

A significant accumulation of carbon is reported in the litter layer of experimental forest plots after three years of growth at increased CO2 concentrations, suggesting that significant, long-term net carbon sequestration in forest soils is unlikely.

Soil carbon sequestration and land‐use change: processes and potential

When agricultural land is no longer used for cultivation and allowed to revert to natural vegetation or replanted to perennial vegetation, soil organic carbon can accumulate. This accumulation