Bio Science

  title={Bio Science},
  author={Alondra Nelson},
  journal={Social Studies of Science},
  pages={759 - 783}
  • A. Nelson
  • Published 1 October 2008
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Social Studies of Science
This paper considers the extent to which the geneticization of `race' and ethnicity is the prevailing outcome of genetic testing for genealogical purposes. The decoding of the human genome precipitated a change of paradigms in genetics research, from an emphasis on genetic similarity to a focus on molecular-level differences among individuals and groups. This shift from lumping to splitting spurred ongoing disagreements among scholars about the significance of `race' and ethnicity in the… Expand
Racial taxonomy in genomics.
  • C. Bliss
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Social science & medicine
  • 2011
It is demonstrated how reflexive biosociality paradoxically leads researchers to advance social explanations for race while investing in genomics as a solution to racial quandaries. Expand
Becoming a Viking: DNA testing, genetic ancestry and placeholder identity
ABSTRACT A consensus has developed among social and biological scientists around the problematic nature of genetic ancestry testing, specifically that its popularity will lead to greater geneticExpand
A New Research Agenda for the Study of Genetic Ancestry Tests and the Formation of Racial and Ethnic Identities and Ancestries
This paper sets out a new research agenda for the study of family historians’ (referred to as ‘genealogists’) use of genetic ancestry tests in the course of their family history research inExpand
Biogeographical ancestry and race.
  • L. Gannett
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Studies in history and philosophy of biological and biomedical sciences
  • 2014
Biogeographical ancestry is not a natural kind that escapes social and political connotations of race and ethnicity, as Shriver and Frudakis and other proponents believe, but a construction that is built upon race-as race has been socially constructed in the European scientific and philosophical traditions. Expand
The social life of DNA: racial reconciliation and institutional morality after the genome.
  • A. Nelson
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • The British journal of sociology
  • 2018
It is argued that one of the more significant developments of the postgenomic era is the circulation of DNA analysis outside of the life sciences, especially commercial applications such as direct-to-consumer genealogical testing. Expand
The substance that empowers? DNA in South Asia
Drawing on two ethnographic examples of the sociocultural aspects of populations genetic research in India, the article explores in what ways tests aimed at assessing ‘genetic differences’ betweenExpand
Explaining the visible and the invisible: Public knowledge of genetics, ancestry, physical appearance and race in Colombia
Using data from focus groups conducted in Colombia, we explore how educated lay audiences faced with scenarios about ancestry and genetics draw on widespread and dominant notions of nation, race andExpand
The proof is in the genes? Jewish responses to DNA research
The paper explores Jewish responses to genetic research aimed at reconstructing the history of different Jewish populations. The focus is on two case studies – the book by Rabbi Yaakov KleimanExpand
Translating Racial Genomics: Passages in and Beyond the Lab
While qualitative studies of science have traditionally focused on sciences as bounded cultures, or cohesive communities that operate in well-defined research settings, Actor-Network Theory (ANT)Expand
Claims of Descent : Race and Science in Contemporary South Africa
This paper is concerned with the question of how to ethnographically account for race as a complex knowledge formation and political reality. I focus on South Africa which occupies a special place inExpand


The Biologistical Construction of Race
An ethnographic case study of the use of race in two interconnected laboratories of medical genetics is presented, examining how researchers committed to reducing health disparities in Latinos with asthma advance hypotheses and structure research to show that relative frequencies of genetic markers characterize commonly understood groupings of race. Expand
Genetic kinship
The recent marketing of new genetic tests for popular genealogy is one significant interface between the science of new genetics and public culture in the West. These new commodities offer to situateExpand
The Meanings of the Gene: Public Debates about Human Heredity
This text takes a searching look at societal hopes and fears about genetics in the course of the 20th century. The work of scientists and doctors in advancing genetic research and its applicationsExpand
Refashioning Race: DNA and the Politics of Health Care
Something is happening to race. Historically, in discussions of race and science, science has either been on the side of the devil or of God.1 But science is a socially contingent knowledge-seekingExpand
Sex Genes: A Critical Sociomaterial Approach to the Politics and Molecular Genetics of Sex Determination
  • J. H. Fujimura
  • Sociology
  • Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society
  • 2006
H ow should the social sciences engage with the materiality of “nature”? The literatures of both the social studies of science and gender studies have wrestled with this question in their analyses ofExpand
Genetic Nature/Culture: Anthropology and Science beyond the Two-Culture Divide
List of illustrations -- Foreword / Sydel Silverman -- Preface and acknowledgments -- Introduction -- Anthropology in an age of genetics: practice, discourse, and critique / M. Susan Lindee, AlanExpand
Identity and genetic ancestry tracing
In this chapter, a geneticist at Howard University has announced plans to offer commercial genetic ancestry tracing to African-Americans who want to trace their genetic lineage back to the areas of Africa from which their ancestors were captured and brought to America as slaves. Expand
The Molecularization of Race: Institutionalizing Human Difference in Pharmacogenetics Practice
In the contemporary United States an increasingly palpable scientific trend to individualize medicine has ushered in new debates on the biological basis of race. Medical researchers, consumers, andExpand
‘Introduction’ to Biosocialities, Genetics and the Social Sciences; making biologies and identities
This book discusses Biosocialities, Genetics and the Social Sciences in Ecuadorian In-Vitro Fertilization, and discusses Biocapital as an Emergent Form of Life: Speculations on the Figure of the Experimental Subject. Expand
Eclipse of the Gene and the Return of Divination1
Research in the field of epigenetics challenges the assumption on which the molecular genetics of the past 50 years has been based, namely, genetic determinism. This paper reviews the social scienceExpand