Binge eating as escape from self-awareness.

  title={Binge eating as escape from self-awareness.},
  author={T. Heatherton and R. Baumeister},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  volume={110 1},
  • T. Heatherton, R. Baumeister
  • Published 1991
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychological bulletin
  • This article proposes that binge eating is motivated by a desire to escape from self-awareness. Binge eaters suffer from high standards and expectations, especially an acute sensitivity to the difficult (perceived) demands of others. When they fall short of these standards, they develop an aversive pattern of high self-awareness, characterized by unflattering views of self and concern over how they are perceived by others. These aversive self-perceptions are accompanied by emotional distress… CONTINUE READING
    1,863 Citations

    Paper Mentions

    Interventional Clinical Trial
    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of Mindfulness Based Eating Awareness Training (MB-EAT) for patients who have had bariatric surgery on their weight and mental and… Expand
    ConditionsEating Disorder Symptom, Obesity, Morbid
    Interventional Clinical Trial
    Mindfulness is a common practice already widely used, that has shown benefits in terms of psychological and physical health. It is about learning or learn again to be self present and… Expand
    Blog Post
    The Aversiveness of Specific Emotional States Associated with Binge-Eating in Obese Subjects
    • 118
    Effects of anxiety on eating: does palatability moderate distress-induced overeating in dieters?
    • 157
    • PDF
    Does cognitive avoidance mediate the relation of anxiety and binge eating?
    • D. Rosenbaum, K. White
    • Psychology, Medicine
    • Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity
    • 2016
    • 6
    • Highly Influenced
    Promoting self-compassionate attitudes toward eating among restrictive and guilty eaters.
    • 296
    • PDF
    Escaping the Self in Binge Eating : The Association Between Identity Style and Bulimic Behavior
    • Highly Influenced
    • PDF


    Compulsive eating and dietary restraint.
    • J. Wardle
    • Psychology, Medicine
    • The British journal of clinical psychology
    • 1987
    • 111
    Suicide as escape from self.
    • 1,263
    Anxiety, hunger, and eating behavior.
    • 133
    Bulimia nervosa: Treatment with exposure and response prevention.
    • 219
    A self-awareness model of the causes and effects of alcohol consumption.
    • J. Hull
    • Medicine
    • Journal of abnormal psychology
    • 1981
    • 455
    Effects of physical threat and ego threat on eating behavior.
    • 224
    • PDF
    Masochism as escape from self
    • 145
    Point-Counterpoints: Anxiety and Social Exclusion
    • 536
    Self-regulatory perseveration and the depressive self-focusing style: a self-awareness theory of reactive depression.
    • 789
    • PDF
    Bulimia: an individual behavioral analysis.
    • J. Chiodo
    • Medicine
    • Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry
    • 1987
    • 2