Binding of mismatched microsatellite DNA sequences by the human MSH2 protein.


Alteration of the human mismatch repair gene hMSH2 has been linked to the microsatellite DNA instability found in hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer and several sporadic cancers. This microsatellite DNA instability is thought to arise from defective repair of DNA replication errors that create insertion-deletion loop-type (IDL) mismatched nucleotides. Here, it is shown that purified hMSH2 protein efficiently and specifically binds DNA containing IDL mismatches of up to 14 nucleotides. These results support a direct role for hMSH2 in mutation avoidance and microsatellite stability in human cells.

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@article{Fishel1994BindingOM, title={Binding of mismatched microsatellite DNA sequences by the human MSH2 protein.}, author={Richard A. Fishel and Amy Ewel and Seongsu Lee and Mary Kay Lescoe and James Ryan Griffith}, journal={Science}, year={1994}, volume={266 5189}, pages={1403-5} }