Binding of 13-amidohuprines to acetylcholinesterase: exploring the ligand-induced conformational change of the gly117-gly118 peptide bond in the oxyanion hole.

Abstract

The acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory activity of a series of 13-amido derivatives of huprine Y, designed to enlarge the occupancy of the catalytic binding site by mimicking the piridone moiety present in (-)-huperzine A, has been assessed. Although both 13-formamido and 13-methanesulfonamido derivatives are more potent human AChE inhibitors than tacrine and (-)-huperzine A, none of them equals the potency of huprine Y. Molecular modeling studies show that the two derivatives effectively trigger the Gly117-Gly118 conformational flip induced upon binding of (-)-huperzine A, leading to a similar pattern of interactions as that formed by the pyridone amido group of (-)-huperzine A. The detrimental effect on the binding affinity relative to the 13-unsubstituted huprine could be ascribed to a sizable deformation cost associated with the ligand-induced peptide flip. This finding can be interpreted as a mechanism selected by evolution to ensure the preorganization of the functionally relevant oxyanion hole in the binding site of AChE, where residues Gly117 and Gly118 play a relevant role in mediating substrate recognition.

Cite this paper

@article{Camps2006BindingO1, title={Binding of 13-amidohuprines to acetylcholinesterase: exploring the ligand-induced conformational change of the gly117-gly118 peptide bond in the oxyanion hole.}, author={Pelayo Camps and Elena Fern{\'a}ndez de Sevilla G{\'o}mez and Diego Mu{\~n}oz-Torrero and Albert Bad{\'i}a and Maria Vict{\`o}ria Clos and Carles Curutchet and Jordi Mu{\~n}oz-Muriedas and F. J. Luque}, journal={Journal of medicinal chemistry}, year={2006}, volume={49 23}, pages={6833-40} }