Bimodal bilinguals reveal the source of tip-of-the-tongue states

@article{Pyers2009BimodalBR,
  title={Bimodal bilinguals reveal the source of tip-of-the-tongue states},
  author={Jennie E. Pyers and Tamar Hela Gollan and Karen Emmorey},
  journal={Cognition},
  year={2009},
  volume={112},
  pages={323-329}
}
Bilinguals report more tip-of-the-tongue (TOT) failures than monolinguals. Three accounts of this disadvantage are that bilinguals experience between-language interference at (a) semantic and/or (b) phonological levels, or (c) that bilinguals use each language less frequently than monolinguals. Bilinguals who speak one language and sign another help decide between these alternatives because their languages lack phonological overlap. Twenty-two American Sign Language (ASL)-English bilinguals, 22… CONTINUE READING
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The face of bimodal bilingualism: ASL grammatical facial expressions are produced when bilinguals speak to English monolinguals

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