Bimodal Score Distributions and the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator: Fact or Artifact?

  title={Bimodal Score Distributions and the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator: Fact or Artifact?},
  author={Tammy L. Bess and Robert James Harvey},
  journal={Journal of Personality Assessment},
  pages={176 - 186}
We examined Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) score distributions computed using item response theory (IRT) to assess the generalizability of earlier bimodality reports that have been cited in support of the "type" versus "trait" view of personality. Using the BILOG IRT program to score a sample of approximately 12,000 individuals who participated in leadership development programs, q score distributions for the 4 dimensions of the MBTI computed using 10 (the BILOG default) versus 50… 
Cautionary comments regarding the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator.
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI; K. C. Briggs & I. B. Myers, 1998) is a popular measure of normal personality that its promoters claim has many applications. M. H. McCaulley (2000) offered an
Evaluating the validity of Myers-Briggs Type Indicator theory: A teaching tool and window into intuitive psychology
Soc Personal Psychol Compass. 2019;e12434. w Abstract Despite its immense popularity and impressive longevity, the Myers‐Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) has existed in
Development of an Integrated Adaptive and Maladaptive Personality Model for Measuring the Big Five
The structure of the Big Five model of personality was examined when its dimensions were measured independently at both poles, based on new items designed to reduce the social desirability bias often
The construct validity of the NEO PI-R personality inventory in high stakes employee selection
The purpose of this study was to establish the construct validity of the NEO PI-R personality measure when used for high stakes employee selection purposes. Based on extant research from
The Relationship of Psychological Type to Interpretations of Genesis Among Churchgoers in England
Building on the work of Richard Hunt (1972), I developed scales for this study to measure interpretations of the creation account in Genesis. Three 6-item scales measured the extent of literal,
Students’ Learning Styles and Academic Performance
Learning style preference data were collected from 1,252 first-year chemistry students at the University of Sydney in 2004/05. Analysis of the preference score distributions strongly supports the
How to Identify At-Risk Medical Students Based on Learning Style, Personality Indicator, and Learning Strategy Tests—a Mixed Method for a Pilot Study
The number of students experiencing academic difficulty continues to be a prevalent and serious issue among medical schools worldwide. While some studies have investigated the causes of
Assessing Personality Profiles of Software Developers in Agile Development Teams
This study compared the Five Factor Model (FFM) of personality, which is currently gaining popularity among personality psychologists, with MBTI and suggests that FFM not only provides better measures for all factors that are measured by MBTI, but it also allows us to assess Neuroticism, an important personality trait that is of interest to researchers studying work groups, such as the agile development team.
How Impactful Is Presentation in Email? The Effect of Avatars and Signatures
Results indicate that although some variations can positively impact the recipient’s view of the sender, these same variations often also have negative side effects, which implies that many seemingly innocuous presentation decisions should be made in the context of who is receiving the email, and if these effects negatively impact the content of the message.
Goodness of fit between teacher and child characteristics: Implications for teachers' perceptions of children's school adjustment.
The concept of Goodness of Fit guided this examination of teachers” perceptions of externalizing and internalizing students’ school adjustment. Participants included 75 (73 female) teachers of grades


Scoring the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator: Empirical comparison of preference score versus latent-trait methods.
The four scales of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) can be scored by computing a continuous preference score indicating the net preference for the two poles of each scale; the categorical type
Reinterpreting the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator from the perspective of the five-factor model of personality.
The data suggest that Jung's theory is either incorrect or inadequately operationalized by the MBTI and cannot provide a sound basis for interpreting it, but correlational analyses showed that the four MBTI indices did measure aspects of four of the five major dimensions of normal personality.
The myers-briggs type indicator
This profile is designed to help you understand your results on the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) assessment. Based on your individual responses, the MBTI instrument produces results to identify
Some Correlates of a Jungian Personality Inventory
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator is a self-report inventory which is intended to measure four variables stemming from the Jungian personality typology: extraversion-introversion, sensation-intuition,
Validation of the five-factor model of personality across instruments and observers.
  • R. McCrae, P. Costa
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1987
Two data sources--self-reports and peer ratings--and two instruments--adjective factors and questionnaire scales--were used to assess the five-factor model of personality, showing substantial cross-observer agreement on all five adjective factors.
To satisfy the need in personality research for factorially univocal measures of each of the 5 domains that subsume most English-language terms for personality-traits, new sets of Big-Five factor
Psychological Types
In the following pages I shall attempt a general description of the types, and my first concern must be with the two general types I have termed introverted and extraverted. But, in addition, I shall
Conceptual and empirical analysis of the typo
  • 1982