• Corpus ID: 142392152

Bilingualism and Cognition

  title={Bilingualism and Cognition},
  author={Colin Francis Baker and Panos Athanasopoulos},
The relation between bilingualism and cognition is informative about the connection between language and mind. From the perspective of language, the question is how bilingualism might help or hinder cognition – narrowly interpreted here as executive function. From the perspective of higher cognition, the question is what kinds of experiences improve executive function. Reported cognitive benefits from bilingualism range from none to substantial as a function of age, type of bilingualism (e.g… 
Characterizing Bilingual Effects on Cognition: The Search for Meaningful Individual Differences
A recent study by Pot, Keijzer, and de Bot (2018), which focused on the relationship between individual differences in language usage and performance on an executive function task among multilingual older adults, is considered.
On the consequences of bilingualism: We need language and the brain to understand cognition
  • J. Kroll
  • Psychology
    Bilingualism: Language and Cognition
  • 2014
In the last two decades there has been an explosion of research on bilingualism and its consequences for the mind and the brain (e.g., Kroll & Bialystok, 2013). One reason is that the use of two or
Let's not forget about language proficiency and cultural variations while linking bilingualism to executive control
Valian (2014) argues that current approaches in the study of bilingualism's beneficial effects on executive functions and cognition are at best methodologically weak. There is no unanimity on what
Bidialectalism and Bilingualism: Exploring the Role of Language Similarity as a Link Between Linguistic Ability and Executive Control
The proposed link between linguistic and EF performance is investigated using the similarity between the two languages spoken since childhood as a proxy for different levels of cross-language interference, and substantial evidence for a linear effect of language similarity on linguistic accuracy is revealed.
Moving From Bilingual Traits to States: Understanding Cognition and Language Processing Through Moment-to-Moment Variation
Abstract The study of how bilingualism is linked to cognitive processing, including executive functioning, has historically focused on comparing bilinguals to monolinguals across a range of tasks.
Overly-Optimism: Bilingual Effects on Cognitive Enhancement
  • Shuning Li
  • Psychology
    Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
  • 2022
The purpose of this review was to critically evaluate the previous literature on bilingual effects on executive function, in particular enhancement on attentional control. However, recent studies
Different Bilingual Experiences Might Modulate Executive Tasks Advantages: Comparative Analysis between Monolinguals, Translators, and Interpreters
The results suggest that interpreters have an additional advantage that may be explained by the characteristics of their work activity and by how much experience they have in this activity in terms of magnitude of the bilingual management demands and amount of experience in managing the cognitive demands of simultaneous interpretation.
The role of bilingualism in executive functions in healthy older adults: A systematic review
Aims and Objectives: Bilinguals have been claimed to develop superior executive functioning compared to monolinguals due to their continuous experience of controlling two languages. Given the
How aging and bilingualism influence language processing: theoretical and neural models.
How current models of language processing in non-pathological aging, and models of bilingual language processing can be integrated to provide new research directions are discussed.
The Complex Nature of Bilinguals' Language Usage Modulates Task-Switching Outcomes
This review demonstrates that not only methodological rigor but also a more finely grained, theory-based approach will be required to understand the cognitive consequences of bilinguals' varied linguistic practices in shifting EF.


Working memory in multilingual children: is there a bilingual effect?
This research investigates whether early childhood bilingualism affects working memory performance in 6- to 8-year-olds, followed over a longitudinal period of 3 years. The study tests the hypothesis
Bilingual Minds
Differences between monolinguals and bilinguals in children’s acquisition of language and adults’ linguistic processing, particularly in terms of lexical retrieval are examined and the brain networks that are responsible for language processing in bilinguals are described.
Bilingualism: consequences for mind and brain
Influence of bilingualism on memory generalization during infancy.
It is found that bilingual, but not monolingual, infants were able to generalize across cues at 18 months, the first study to show a clear bilingual advantage in memory generalization.
Relationships between executive functions tasks in late childhood
Executive functions (EF) is a general term that refers to cognitive processes designed to organize and adapt human behavior in situations that require planning and decision making, problem solving,
Effect of Bilingualism on Intelligence
This study reports the effect of learning through second language as medium of instruction on intelligence of ten year old children in a monocultural environment of Chennai, India. 30 boys and 30
Cognitive gains in 7-month-old bilingual infants
Findings show that processing representations from 2 languages leads to a domain-general enhancement of the cognitive control system well before the onset of speech.
Attentional Control in Early and Later Bilingual Children.
Patterns of lexical processing in a nonnative language.
In three experiments, native Cantonese speakers were asked to read words aloud, name pictures, and translate words. In the study, subjects with different degrees of proficiency in their nonnative