Bilingualism, Language Proficiency, and Learning to Read in Two Writing Systems

  title={Bilingualism, Language Proficiency, and Learning to Read in Two Writing Systems},
  author={Ellen Bialystok and Catherine A. McBride-Chang and Gigi Luk},
  journal={Journal of Educational Psychology},
Two hundred and four 5- and 6-year-olds who were monolingual English-, bilingual English-Chinese-, or Chinese-speaking children beginning to learn English (2nd-language learners) were compared on phonological awareness and word decoding tasks in English and Chinese. Phonological awareness developed in response to language exposure and instruction but, once established, transferred across languages for both bilinguals and 2nd-language learners. In contrast, decoding ability developed separately… Expand

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