Bilingual advantages in executive functioning either do not exist or are restricted to very specific and undetermined circumstances

@article{Paap2015BilingualAI,
  title={Bilingual advantages in executive functioning either do not exist or are restricted to very specific and undetermined circumstances},
  author={Kenneth R Paap and Hunter A. Johnson and Oliver M Sawi},
  journal={Cortex},
  year={2015},
  volume={69},
  pages={265-278}
}
  • Kenneth R Paap, Hunter A. Johnson, Oliver M Sawi
  • Published 2015
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Cortex
  • The hypothesis that managing two languages enhances general executive functioning is examined. More than 80% of the tests for bilingual advantages conducted after 2011 yield null results and those resulting in significant bilingual advantages tend to have small sample sizes. Some published studies reporting significant bilingual advantages arguably produce no group differences if more appropriate tests of the critical interaction or more appropriate baselines are used. Some positive findings… CONTINUE READING

    Figures and Topics from this paper.

    No evidence for a bilingual executive function advantage in the nationally representative ABCD study
    • 24
    • PDF
    Different Features of Bilingualism in Relation to Executive Functioning
    • 3
    • PDF
    Is Bilingualism Associated With Enhanced Executive Functioning in Adults? A Meta-Analytic Review
    • 143
    • Highly Influenced
    • PDF
    Does the Bilingual Advantage in Cognitive Control Exist and If So, What Are Its Modulating Factors? A Systematic Review
    • 20
    • Highly Influenced
    • PDF

    References

    Publications referenced by this paper.
    SHOWING 1-10 OF 87 REFERENCES
    Are bilingual advantages dependent upon specific tasks or specific bilingual experiences?
    • 142
    There is no coherent evidence for a bilingual advantage in executive processing
    • 629
    • PDF
    Cognitive Advantage in Bilingualism
    • 285
    • PDF