Biliary lithotripsy as an adjunct to laparoscopic common bile duct stone extraction

@article{Carroll1993BiliaryLA,
  title={Biliary lithotripsy as an adjunct to laparoscopic common bile duct stone extraction},
  author={Brendan Carroll and Mudjianto Chandra and Thanasis G. Papaioannou and Leon Daykhovsky and Warren S. Grundfest and Edward Phillips},
  journal={Surgical Endoscopy},
  year={1993},
  volume={7},
  pages={356-359}
}
SummaryWe investigated various energy sources and delivery systems suitable for fragmentation of common duct calculi by a laparoscopic technique. We evaluated electrohydraulic lithotripsy (EHL) using 1.9-Fr probe delivering 80 W and laser lithotripsy using a 200-μm fiber delivering 30–70 mJ/pulse at 5–20 Hz. In vitro biliary stone fragmentation analysis suggested that the laser lithotripsy produced a more controllable fragmentation than EHL. Initial attempts to employ EHL techniques in animal… CONTINUE READING