Biliary Complications Following Liver Transplantation

  title={Biliary Complications Following Liver Transplantation},
  author={Walid S. Ayoub and Carlos O. Esquivel and Paul Martin},
  journal={Digestive Diseases and Sciences},
The aphorism that reconstruction of the biliary anastomosis is the “Achilles heel” of liver transplantation remains valid as biliary complications following liver transplantation remain a major source of morbidity with an incidence of 5–32%. Biliary complications include biliary strictures, biliary leaks, and stones. Biliary strictures can be divided into anastomotic and non-anastomotic. The management of biliary complications previously relied on surgical intervention. However, advances in… CONTINUE READING
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