Bile immunoglobulin of the duck (Anas platyrhynchos). II. Antibody response in influenza A virus infections.

@article{Higgins1987BileIO,
  title={Bile immunoglobulin of the duck (Anas platyrhynchos). II. Antibody response in influenza A virus infections.},
  author={D. A. Higgins and Kennedy F. Shortridge and Pamela L.K. Ng},
  journal={Immunology},
  year={1987},
  volume={62 3},
  pages={
          499-504
        }
}
The capacity of the IgM-like bile immunoglobulin (IgX) of the duck (Anas platyrhynchos) to express antibody activity to H3N2 influenza A viruses, and the dependence of this activity on the co-existence of serum IgM antibodies were investigated. Ducklings infected orally and intranasally at 15-29 days of age with viruses isolated from different host species were examined for haemagglutination-inhibiting (HI) antibodies in biles and sera 16-29 days after infection (p.i.). All biles had antibodies… CONTINUE READING

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