Children with spastic cerebral palsy, their cognitive functioning, and social participation: a review.
- Louise Bottcher
- Child neuropsychology : a journal on normal and…
MRI of the brain was performed on 56 children with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy (CP) at a mean age of 10.7 years. Specific pathology was found in 91 per cent; periventricular leukomalacia was present in 42 per cent of term- and 87 per cent of preterm-born children. Parasagittal subcorticocortical injury, multicystic encephalomalacia and basal ganglia lesions were identified in 16 per cent, in all but one associated with severe peri-/neonatal events at term or near term. Maldevelopment comprised 9 per cent, all but one found in term-born children. MRI morphology correlated strikingly with outcome. Periventricular leukomalacia was associated with more severe disability in term- than preterm-born children.