Bilateral papillitis and unilateral focal chorioretinitis as the presenting features of syphilis

Abstract

BACKGROUND Syphilis is a multisystem bacterial infection caused by Treponema pallidum. The incidence of infection in the United States has risen by more than 75% since the year 2000, when it was at a low of 2.1 per 100,000 people. Ocular involvement may occur in any stage of infection and may present in a variety of ways, with posterior uveitis being the… (More)
DOI: 10.1186/s12348-015-0045-0

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