Bilateral hippocampal pathology impairs topographical and episodic memory but not visual pattern matching.

@article{Spiers2001BilateralHP,
  title={Bilateral hippocampal pathology impairs topographical and episodic memory but not visual pattern matching.},
  author={Hugo J. Spiers and Neil Burgess and Tom Hartley and Faraneh Vargha-Khadem and John O'Keefe},
  journal={Hippocampus},
  year={2001},
  volume={11 6},
  pages={
          715-25
        }
}
A virtual reality environment was used to test memory performance for simulated "real-world" spatial and episodic information in a 22-year-old male, Jon, who has selective bilateral hippocampal pathology caused by perinatal anoxia. He was allowed to explore a large-scale virtual reality town and was then tested on his memory for spatial layout and for episodes experienced. Topographical memory was tested by assessing his ability to navigate, recognize previously visited locations, and draw maps… CONTINUE READING

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