Bilateral emphysematous pyelonephritis: a case report and review of the literature.

@article{Stein1996BilateralEP,
  title={Bilateral emphysematous pyelonephritis: a case report and review of the literature.},
  author={John P. Stein and Avery Spitz and Donald A Elmajian and David Esrig and John A. Freeman and Gary D. Grossfeld and David A Ginsberg and Donald G. Skinner},
  journal={Urology},
  year={1996},
  volume={47 1},
  pages={129-34}
}
Emphysematous pyelonephritis is a rare, rapidly progressive, life-threatening infection of the renal parenchyma. It most commonly is unilateral, is found almost exclusively in diabetics, is associated with gas-forming coliform bacteria, and is characterized by the presence of gas within the renal parenchyma. Early aggressive therapy (combined medical and surgical) is the hallmark of successful treatment. A high index of suspicion coupled with radiographic imaging is essential to make a timely… CONTINUE READING