Bidirectional modulation of TNF-alpha production by alveolar macrophages in asbestos-induced pulmonary fibrosis.


Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cells were isolated from rats 1, 3, and 6 weeks after a single intratracheal instillation of saline, UICC chrysotile asbestos (5 mg), or silica (5 mg). In asbestos-exposed rats, the pulmonary response was characterized by a significant increase in the number of alveolar macrophages (AMs) and the appearance of fibrotic lesions… (More)