Bicameral or Tricameral? National Parliaments and Representative Democracy in the European Union

  title={Bicameral or Tricameral? National Parliaments and Representative Democracy in the European Union},
  author={Ian Cooper},
  journal={Journal of European Integration},
  pages={531 - 546}
  • I. Cooper
  • Published 18 June 2013
  • Political Science, Sociology
  • Journal of European Integration
Abstract The Treaty of Lisbon defines the European Parliament and the Council as the principal institutional actors of ‘representative democracy’ in the EU, thus endorsing an essentially ‘bicameral’ model of EU democracy. In this model, national parliaments focus their scrutiny on their governments’ conduct of EU affairs, but are not themselves EU-level actors. However, the Treaty of Lisbon also creates an Early Warning Mechanism which empowers national parliaments to intervene collectively in… 
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