Bias in conditional inference: implications for mental models and mental logic.

@article{Evans1995BiasIC,
  title={Bias in conditional inference: implications for mental models and mental logic.},
  author={Jonathan S. Evans and John Clibbens and Brian R Rood},
  journal={The Quarterly journal of experimental psychology. A, Human experimental psychology},
  year={1995},
  volume={48 3},
  pages={644-70}
}
Three experiments are reported in which subjects are given the opportunity to make any of the four inferences associated with conditional statements: modus ponens (MP), denial of the antecedent (DA), affirmation of the consequent (AC), and modus tollens (MT). The primary purpose of the research was to establish the generality and robustness of polarity biases that may be occasioned by systematic rotation of negative components in the conditional rules. In Experiments 1 & 2, three forms of… CONTINUE READING

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