Beyond valence in the perception of likelihood: the role of emotion specificity.

  title={Beyond valence in the perception of likelihood: the role of emotion specificity.},
  author={David DeSteno and Richard E. Petty and Duane T. Wegener and Derek D. Rucker},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  volume={78 3},
Positive and negative moods have been shown to increase likelihood estimates of future events matching these states in valence (e.g., E. J. Johnson & A. Tversky, 1983). In the present article, 4 studies provide evidence that this congruency bias (a) is not limited to valence but functions in an emotion-specific manner, (b) derives from the informational value of emotions, and (c) is not the inevitable outcome of likelihood assessment under heightened emotion. Specifically, Study 1 demonstrates… 

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