Beyond the Conflict Tactics Scale: Assessing Gender Differences in Partner Violence

  title={Beyond the Conflict Tactics Scale: Assessing Gender Differences in Partner Violence},
  author={Barbara J. Morse},
  journal={Violence and Victims},
  pages={251 - 272}
  • B. J. Morse
  • Published 1 January 1995
  • Psychology
  • Violence and Victims
Previous studies of partner assault, particularly those using the Conflict Tactics Scales, have produced the controversial finding that women are as likely to assault their partners as are men. Such findings are clearly at odds with medical, legal, and social service agencies which find that women are far more often the victims of partner assault. Self-reported data from a national sample of young adults were used to determine the extent to which this apparent discrepancy could be reconciled… 

Gender differences in intimate partner violence outcomes.

Objective: This paper proposes a conceptual model for gender differences in outcomes of intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization, broadly conceived as including physical, sexual, emotional, and

Abused Women or Abused Men? An Examination of the Context and Outcomes of Dating Violence

Although both genders experienced similar amounts of aggressive acts from dating partners, the impact of such violence is more severe for women than men.

Patterns of Intimate Partner Violence Among Married Women in the Military: Type, Level, Directionality and Consequences

While separate evidence exists that married military women have high rates of both intimate partner violence victimization and aggression, little is known about the context of this violence,

A Review of Research on Women’s Use of Violence With Male Intimate Partners

Evidence suggests that men perpetrate sexual abuse, coercive control, and stalking more frequently than women and that women also are much more frequently injured during domestic violence incidents, and interventions based on male models of partner violence are likely not effective.


Different notions among researchers about the nature of intimate partner violence have long been the subjects of popular and academic debate. Research findings are contradictory and point in two

Men’s and Women’s Use of Intimate Partner Violence in Clinical Samples: Toward a Gender-Sensitive Analysis

Early research with nationally representative samples suggested that women reported initiating violence as often as men. Such research has been criticized as focusing only on participation rates, and

Gender and the Seriousness of Assaults on Intimate Partners and Other Victims

We examine the ways in which assaults committed by male intimate partners are more serious than assaults committed by female partners and whether these differences reflect gender differences in

Prevalence, Incidence, and Consequences of Violence against Women: Findings from the National Violence against Women

To further an understanding of violence against women, a national telephone survey on violence was conducted from November 1995 to May 1996. The survey sampled approximately 8,000 women and 8,000

The Role of Gender in Officially Reported Intimate Partner Abuse

Using official reported cases of IPA, this study examines 815 IPA cases of which 13% were female perpetrated in an attempt to clarify gender differences and similarities among male and female offenders beyond prevalence rates.

Domestic violence among male and female patients seeking emergency medical services.

Comparison of injury severity revealed that women reported higher rates of injuries than men in all possible severity categories and reported experiencing more fear than men during partner-initiated violence, as well as being subjected to larger numbers of dominating and controlling behaviors, and greater intimidation secondary to their partner's size.



Male-Female and Aggressor-Victim Differences in the Factor Structure of the Modified Conflict Tactics Scale

Factor analytic procedures were used to examine the internal structure of a modified version of Straus's Conflict Tactics Scale, an instrument given routinely to measure marital aggression. A large

Gender Differences in Reporting of Battering Incidences.

This article examines the difference between male and female reports of violence and threats of violence directed by the man towards the woman. All men in the study were clients in a large batterers'

The Myth of Sexual Symmetry in Marital Violence

A currently fashionable claim is that violence against husbands is about as prevalent as violence against wives; spousal violence has been said to be symmetrical in its extent, severity, intentions,

Prevalence and stability of physical aggression between spouses: a longitudinal analysis.

Conditional probability analyses indicated that the likelihood of physically aggressing at 30 months given that one had engaged in such aggression before marriage and at 18 months after marriage was .72 for women and .59 for men.

The ‘Battered Husband Syndrome’: Social Problem or Much ado about Little?

There is not enough scientifically sound empirical evidence to support the notion of a battered husband syndrome, although most of the general public is not aware of that.

Interpersonal Violence among Married and Cohabiting Couples.

Previous research on cohabitation and Levinger's (1965) model of marital cohesiveness and dissolution lead to the hypothesis that there is a higher level of violence in ongoing marriages than in

The return of the “Battered husband Syndrome” through the typification of women as violent

The process of the social construction of woman abuse includes the essential idea of typification: that how we “typify” abused women can be a part of justifying help, or it can provide the scientific

Societal Change and Change in Family Violence from 1975 to 1985 As Revealed by Two National Surveys

Comparisons between two national surveys conducted in 1975 and 1985 on the rates of physical violence against children and spouses are presented in this article. The sample consisted of 2143 families

The Conflict Tactics Scales and Its Critics: An Evaluation and New Data on Validity and Reliability.

The Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS) is the most widely used instrument for measuring the tactics used by members of a family in a conflict situation. It is intended to measure the extent to which

Using Couple Data as a Methodological Tool: The Case of Marital Violence.

The paper demonstrates the use of couple data as a methodological tool. Using Straus's Conflict Tactics Scale as an example, it is shown that couple data may be used for the evaluation of scale items