Beyond the ‘failed state’: Toward conceptual alternatives

  title={Beyond the ‘failed state’: Toward conceptual alternatives},
  author={Charles T. Call},
  journal={European Journal of International Relations},
  pages={303 - 326}
  • Charles T. Call
  • Published 1 June 2011
  • Sociology
  • European Journal of International Relations
The article advances conceptual alternatives to the ‘failed state.’ It provides reasons why the concept is deficient, showing especially how counterproductive it is to aggregate states as diverse as Colombia, Malawi, Somalia, Iraq, Haiti, and Tajikistan. I argue for distinguishing among capacity gaps, security gaps, and legitimacy gaps that states experience. Importantly, I show that these gaps often do not coincide in a given country, and that the logical responses to each of the three gaps… 

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