Beyond the ‘failed state’: Toward conceptual alternatives

@article{Call2011BeyondT,
  title={Beyond the ‘failed state’: Toward conceptual alternatives},
  author={Charles T. Call},
  journal={European Journal of International Relations},
  year={2011},
  volume={17},
  pages={303 - 326}
}
  • Charles T. Call
  • Published 1 June 2011
  • Sociology
  • European Journal of International Relations
The article advances conceptual alternatives to the ‘failed state.’ It provides reasons why the concept is deficient, showing especially how counterproductive it is to aggregate states as diverse as Colombia, Malawi, Somalia, Iraq, Haiti, and Tajikistan. I argue for distinguishing among capacity gaps, security gaps, and legitimacy gaps that states experience. Importantly, I show that these gaps often do not coincide in a given country, and that the logical responses to each of the three gaps… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Fragile and failed states: Critical perspectives on conceptual hybrids
Over the last decade, Western government agencies and international organizations have increasingly turned their attention to the issue of state ‘fragility’ and ‘failure’ in developing countries thatExpand
The dark(er) side of ‘state failure’: state formation and socio-political variation
Scholars concerned with the formation of states, specifically the relationship between state formation and war, hold one of two positions. Some agree with Charles Tilly’s historiological conclusionExpand
The dark(er) side of ‘state failure’: state formation and socio-political variation
Scholars concerned with the formation of states, specifically the relationship between state formation and war, hold one of two positions. Some agree with Charles Tilly’s historiological conclusionExpand
Conceptualising state collapse: an institutionalist approach
This paper proposes a theoretically grounded and methodologically rigorous conceptualisation of state collapse. It seeks to overcome several key deficits of research into fragile, failed andExpand
Revising the Narrative of Failure: Reconsidering State Failure in Nuruddin Farah’s Knots
This article connects recent research on failed states with Nuruddin Farah’s novel Knots to argue that literature can model alternative forms of state organization as well as point to the limitationsExpand
The European Union’s ambiguous concept of ‘state fragility’
Although scholars and practitioners alike perceive ‘state fragility’ to be a key challenge for security and development, there are significant variations in the definition of this phenomenon. ThisExpand
Democracy-Support Effectiveness in “Fragile States”: A Review
Processes of political transformation and external assistance in fragile states have received increasing attention in the academic literature over the past decade. This literature, however, has notExpand
‘Fragile States’: introducing a political concept
The special issue ‘Fragile States: A Political Concept’ investigates the emergence, dissemination and reception of the notion of ‘state fragility’. It analyses the process of conceptualisation,Expand
State Fragility: Towards a Multi-Dimensional Empirical Typology
TLDR
It is suggested that state fragility comes in several distinct configurations, yet that the number of such configurations is rather limited, which has useful, previously unexplored implications for policy design vis-a-vis fragile states. Expand
CHANGING CONCEPTION OF FAILED STATES FROM NEOREALIST PERSPECTIVE
“Failed Sates” has become one of the outstanding concepts in international relations for the last two decades. The aim of this paper is to point out the change in understanding of failed states fromExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 96 REFERENCES
The Fallacy of the ‘Failed State’
Abstract This article examines the origins and evolution of the concepts of ‘failed’ and ‘failing’ states, arguing that the terms have come to be used in such widely divergent and problematic waysExpand
‘Failed States’ and ‘State Failure’: Threats or Opportunities?
Abstract This paper takes a critical look at the way the ‘failed state’ concept has been understood and operationalised, especially in the wake of the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001. DrawingExpand
World development report 1997 : the state in a changing world
This is the twentieth in the annual series assessing major development issues. The report is devoted to the role and effectiveness of the state: what it should do, how it should do it, and how it canExpand
Towards a taxonomy of failed states in the New World Order: Decaying Somalia, Liberia, Rwanda and Haiti
From the end of W orld W ar II until 1991 stability in the international state system was m aintained by the two hegemonic powers‐ the USA and the former Soviet Union. During this period the internalExpand
Democratisation, War and State-Building: Constructing the Rule of Law in El Salvador
After long neglecting issues of citizen security and justice, democratisation theorists have recently begun to recognise the importance of the rule of law. Yet theorising the construction of stateExpand
"Failed" States and Global Security: Empirical Questions and Policy Dilemmas'
Weak and impoverished states and ungoverned areas are not only a threat to their people and a burden on regional economies, but are also susceptible to exploitation by terrorists, tyrants, andExpand
Building States to Build Peace? A Critical Analysis
Agencies throughout the development, humanitarian, political and defence fields have recently endorsed the centrality of state institutions in post-war peacebuilding. But how can external actors goExpand
Pathways to State Failure
Attempts to forecast or remedy state failure would benefit from a clearer view of the multiple pathways that can lead states to fail. This paper delineates five pathways: escalating ethnic conflicts,Expand
The state, war, and the state of war: The strength of states
In the conventional international relations literature, states are primarily characterized in terms of power, that is, in their capacity to achieve and defend their purposes either through persuasionExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...