Beyond empathy: expanding expressions of caring.

  title={Beyond empathy: expanding expressions of caring.},
  author={Janice M. Morse and J L Bottorff and Geri Anderson and Benjamin O'Brien and Steven Solberg},
  journal={Journal of advanced nursing},
  volume={17 7},
In this paper, a model describing nurses' responses to patients who are suffering is presented. The nurse's level of engagement with the patient is affected by whether the caregiver is focused on him-/herself or on the sufferer (i.e. embodied with the patient) and whether the caregiver is responding reflexively or with a learned response. Four types of… CONTINUE READING