Beyond authorship: attribution, contribution, collaboration, and credit

  title={Beyond authorship: attribution, contribution, collaboration, and credit},
  author={Amy Brand and Liz Allen and Micah Altman and Marjorie M. K. Hlava and Jo Scott},
  journal={Learned Publishing},
As the number of authors on scientific publications increases, ordered lists of author names are proving inadequate for the purposes of attribution and credit. A multi‐stakeholder group has produced a contributor role taxonomy for use in scientific publications. Identifying specific contributions to published research will lead to appropriate credit, fewer author disputes, and fewer disincentives to collaboration and the sharing of data and code. 
Transparency in authors’ contributions and responsibilities to promote integrity in scientific publication
It is recommended that journals adopt common and transparent standards for authorship, outline responsibilities for corresponding authors, adopt the Contributor Roles Taxonomy (CRediT), and require authors to use the ORCID persistent digital identifier.
Multiple co-first authors, co-corresponding authors and co-supervisors: a synthesis of shared authorship credit
This paper aims to focus on the authorship status and responsibilities of co-first authors and co-corresponding authors, which is a global multi-billion-dollar business and strict measures to assess and confirm authorship are needed.
Authorship order and effects of changing bibliometrics practices
Although the authorship order on published research plays a significant role for scientific merit in many research contexts, and therefore should be handled with great care not least for the sake of
Is authorship sufficient for today’s collaborative research? A call for contributor roles
The Contributor Attribution Model (CAM), which provides a simple data model that relates the contributor to research objects via the role that they played, as well as the provenance of the information, is introduced.
Research assistants: Scientific credit and recognized authorship
Research assistants are frequently excluded from authorship for several reasons—including the perception that they merely provide paid administrative help. Authorship criteria should be based on the
Recognizing the Diversity of Contributions: A Case Study for Framing Attribution and Acknowledgement for Scientific Data
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Quantifying authorship: A comparison of authorship rubrics from five disciplines
Transparency in authorship is a continuing topic in information science and scholarly communication. The process of determining authorship order in multi‐author publications, however, can be
And the credit goes to … - Ghost and honorary authorship among social scientists
The proliferation of team-authored academic work has led to the proliferation of two kinds of authorship misconduct: ghost authorship, in which contributors are not listed as authors and honorary
Transparent Attribution of Contributions to Research: Aligning Guidelines to Real-Life Practices
This article reviews key concepts of authorship and contributorship and examines the range of non-author contributions that may (or may not) be acknowledged, and proposes two new CRediT taxa and revisions to three existing taxa regarding both technical and editorial support to make credit attribution more transparent, accurate and open.
Supplementary material to "Clear, transparent, and timely communication for fair authorship decisions: A practical guide"
This approach is aimed to minimize the potential for late-stage authorship conflicts during manuscript preparation by facilitating timely and transparent decisions on potential co-authors and their responsibilities and can help avoid imbalances between contributions and credits in published manuscripts by recording planned and executed responsibilities.


When authorship fails. A proposal to make contributors accountable.
The requirement that all participants be named as contributors will eliminate the artificial distinction between authors and acknowledgees and will enhance the integrity of publication.
The Evolution of Data Citation: From Principles to Implementation
The evolution of data citation standards and practices and core principles that have emerged through a collaborative synthesis are reviewed and the remaining implementation challenges are identified.
Multiple Authorship Trends in Scientific Papers
Since 1946 biomedical writers have shown no marked trend toward multiple authorship; the average number of authors per paper remains steady at about 2.3. This is in strong contrast tothe conclusion
Do medical journals provide clear and consistent guidelines on authorship?
  • E. Wager
  • Medicine
    MedGenMed : Medscape general medicine
  • 2007
Journals do not provide consistent guidance about authorship and many editors are therefore missing an important opportunity to educate potential contributors and to improve the accuracy, fairness, and transparency of author listing.
Prescribed practices of authorship: review of codes of ethics from professional bodies and journal guidelines across disciplines
The lack of and variety of authorship definitions in journals and professional organizations across scientific disciplines may be confusing for the researchers and lead to poor authorship practices.
A Descriptive Analysis of Authorship Within Medical Journals, 1995–2005
A trend of increasing mean authors, editorial authorship, study groups, and multicenter trials over time with fewer solo authors now publishing original research or case reports is described.
What's in a Surname? The Effects of Surname Initials on Academic Success
In this paper, we focus on the effects of surname initials on professional outcomes in the academic labor market for economists. We begin our analysis with data on faculty in all top 35 U.S.
Credit where credit is due
Introducing a new hobby for other people may inspire them to join with you, but many people are not interested in this hobby.
Galaxy Zoo: Exploring the Motivations of Citizen Science Volunteers.
The Galaxy Zoo citizen science website invites anyone with an Internet connection to participate in research by classifying galaxies from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. As of April 2009, more than
Who's first.
  • K. Crowson
  • Medicine
    Nursing standard (Royal College of Nursing (Great Britain) : 1987)
  • 1988
I would like to dispute the report (Nursing Standard week ending March 19) that Kingston & Esher Health Authority have appointed the NHS's first ever adviser on safe lifting and handling of patients.