Beyond Timbuktu: An Intellectual History of Muslim West Africa

  title={Beyond Timbuktu: An Intellectual History of Muslim West Africa},
  author={J. Lofkrantz},
  journal={History: Reviews of New Books},
  pages={127 - 128}
  • J. Lofkrantz
  • Published 2017
  • History
  • History: Reviews of New Books
trepidation over the 80,000 former slaves suddenly freed. Several linked abolition to the spread of subversive Communism. The wealthy sugar planter Baron of Moniz Arag~ao lamented that, “with each passing year [penned in October 1887, alluding to the decade of the 1880s], we become holy men and resigned to the evils that surround us, with no outlet except to reach for heaven.. . . Pagode [subgenre of samba], vagrancy and communism! These are the saviors of our ridiculous Nation!” (120). Several… Expand
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