Beyond Misinformation: Understanding and coping with the post-truth era

  title={Beyond Misinformation: Understanding and coping with the post-truth era},
  author={Stephan Lewandowsky and Ullrich K. H. Ecker and John Cook},
  journal={Journal of applied research in memory and cognition},

Science audiences, misinformation, and fake news

It is shown how being misinformed is a function of a person’s ability and motivation to spot falsehoods, but also of other group-level and societal factors that increase the chances of citizens to be exposed to correct(ive) information.

Countering Misinformation and Fake News Through Inoculation and Prebunking

ABSTRACT There has been increasing concern with the growing infusion of misinformation, or “fake news”, into public discourse and politics in many western democracies. Our article first briefly

What's so bad about misinformation?

It is argued that its negative effects extend far beyond the obvious ones of duping individuals with false or misleading beliefs, making all of us worse off, including the epistemically vigilant.

Misinformation Contagion: A View Through an Epidemiological Lens

Misinformation and disinformation have increasingly been a focus of public and media scrutiny in recent years. What differentiates past forms of misinformation from present-day are the new tools of

New conceptions of truth foster misinformation in online public political discourse

The spread of online misinformation is increasingly perceived as a major problem for societal cohesion and democracy [1, 2]. Much attention has focused on the role of social media as a vector of

Post-Truth: Hegemony on Social Media and Implications for Sustainability Communication

Contrary to what practice suggests, social media platforms may not be an appropriate forum for communicating with civil society about sustainability issues such as climate change. Misinformation

Political Misinformation

Misinformation occurs when people hold incorrect factual beliefs and do so confidently. The problem plagues political systems and is exceedingly difficult to correct. In this review, we assess the

Perceived Exposure and Concern for Misinformation in Different Political Contexts: Evidence From 27 European Countries

Political misinformation is becoming an increasingly central topic in both public and academic debate. The main normative concern is that the diffusion of false political news might lead to distorted

Beyond Misinformation: Survival Alternatives for Nigerian Media in the “Post-Truth” Era

Abstract An enduring democracy is anchored on a strong information base and media are seen as one of the most important allies of the democratic process. However, media in Nigeria have been accused



Misinformation and How to Correct It

This essay summarizes research into misinformation, bringing together studies from psychology, political science, education, and computer science to provide guidelines on how to effectively refute misconceptions without risking backfire effects.

Misinformation and Its Correction

Recommendations may help practitioners—including journalists, health professionals, educators, and science communicators—design effective misinformation retractions, educational tools, and public-information campaigns.

Processing political misinformation: comprehending the Trump phenomenon

Findings suggest that people use political figures as a heuristic to guide evaluation of what is true or false, yet do not necessarily insist on veracity as a prerequisite for supporting political candidates.

Inoculating the Public against Misinformation about Climate Change

The current research bridges the divide by exploring how people evaluate and process consensus cues in a polarized information environment and evidence is provided that it is possible to pre‐emptively protect public attitudes about climate change against real‐world misinformation.

Making the truth stick & the myths fade: Lessons from cognitive psychology

Summary: Erroneous beliefs are difficult to correct. Worse, popular correction strategies, such as the myth-versus-fact article format, may backfire because they subtly reinforce the myths through

How Facebook, fake news and friends are warping your memory

It is shown that social networks powerfully shape memory, and that people need little prompting to conform to a majority recollection — even if it is wrong.

Undermining the Corrective Effects of Media‐Based Political Fact Checking? The Role of Contextual Cues and Naïve Theory

Media-based fact checking contributes to more accurate political knowledge, but its corrective effects are limited. We argue that biographical information included in a corrective message, which is

From Incivility to Outrage: Political Discourse in Blogs, Talk Radio, and Cable News

Most research on incivility in American politics focuses on its effects on citizens' political attitudes and behaviors, in spite of remarkably little data on the extent to which political discourse

Misunderstanding the Internet

The book throughout is marked by an ethical seriousness and a careful attention to empirical work, and Couldry’s ability to handle an amazingly diverse set of sources is truly impressive.