Beyond Language: Ebonics, Proper English, and Identity in a Black-American Speech Community

  title={Beyond Language: Ebonics, Proper English, and Identity in a Black-American Speech Community},
  author={J. Ogbu},
  journal={American Educational Research Journal},
  pages={147 - 184}
  • J. Ogbu
  • Published 1999
  • American Educational Research Journal
The discourse on the ebonics resolution passed in December 1996 by the Board of Education in Oakland, CA, has increased national awareness of the language problems faced by African-American children in the public school. The discourse focused almost exclusively on dialect differences per se between the standard English of the public school and the children's home dialect or ebonics. This article has three objectives: (a) to contribute to sociolinguistic studies of speech communities; (b) to… Expand

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