Beyond Hebb: exclusive-OR and biological learning.

@article{Klemm2000BeyondHE,
  title={Beyond Hebb: exclusive-OR and biological learning.},
  author={Konstantin Klemm and Stefan Bornholdt and Heinz G. Schuster},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  year={2000},
  volume={84 13},
  pages={3013-6}
}
A learning algorithm for multilayer neural networks based on biologically plausible mechanisms is studied. Motivated by findings in experimental neurobiology, we consider synaptic averaging in the induction of plasticity changes, which happen on a slower time scale than firing dynamics. This mechanism is shown to enable learning of the exclusive-OR (XOR) problem without the aid of error backpropagation, as well as to increase robustness of learning in the presence of noise. 
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