Beyond Expectations: Effects of Early Elections in U.S. Presidential Nomination Contests

@article{Donovan2009BeyondEE,
  title={Beyond Expectations: Effects of Early Elections in U.S. Presidential Nomination Contests},
  author={Todd Donovan and Robert C. Hunsaker},
  journal={PS: Political Science \& Politics},
  year={2009},
  volume={42},
  pages={45 - 52}
}
This article explores how results from Iowa may affect outcomes in subsequent nomination contests. We suggest that how Iowa matters may be determined, at least in part, by how voters and the news media assess whether or not candidates meet or exceed expectations there. 
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