Beyond Big and Little: The Four C Model of Creativity

  title={Beyond Big and Little: The Four C Model of Creativity},
  author={J. Kaufman and Ronald A. Beghetto},
  journal={Review of General Psychology},
  pages={1 - 12}
Most investigations of creativity tend to take one of two directions: everyday creativity (also called “little-c”), which can be found in nearly all people, and eminent creativity (also called “Big-C”), which is reserved for the great. In this paper, the authors propose a Four C model of creativity that expands this dichotomy. Specifically, the authors add the idea of “mini-c,” creativity inherent in the learning process, and Pro-c, the developmental and effortful progression beyond little-c… 

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