Bexarotene: a promising anticancer agent

@article{Qu2009BexaroteneAP,
  title={Bexarotene: a promising anticancer agent},
  author={Li-yan Qu and Xiuwen Tang},
  journal={Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology},
  year={2009},
  volume={65},
  pages={201-205}
}
Retinoids are biologically active derivatives of vitamin A, which play essential roles in embryonic or adult cell behavior modulating cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. The biologic effects of retinoids are mediated by two distinct families of intracellular receptors: retinoid acid receptors (RARs)-α, -β and -γ and retinoid X receptors (RXR)-α, -β and -γ. Bexarotene is a selective RXR agonist, which exerts its effects in blocking cell cycle progression, inducing apoptosis and… 

Retinoid pathway and cancer therapeutics.

Retinoids as Chemo-Preventive and Molecular-Targeted Anti-Cancer Therapies

Reinoid-based target discovery presents an important line of attack toward designing new, more effective strategies for treating other cancer types and how the retinoid pathway genotype affects the ability of retinoids agents to inhibit the growth of colorectal cancer cells is discussed.

Retinoid X receptor agonist LG100268 modulates the immune microenvironment in preclinical breast cancer models

Treatment with LG 268, a RXR agonist, can improve response to immune checkpoint blockade in HER2+ or triple-negative breast cancer, and data suggest that the use of LG268, the only rexinoid approved by the FDA for the treatment of refractory cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, can be improved.

Targeting truncated RXRα for cancer therapy.

It is discovered that overexpression of tRXRα can promote tumor growth by interacting with tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced phosphoinositide 3-kinase and NF-κB signal transduction pathways and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug Sulindac and analogs are identified as effective inhibitors of t rxRα activities via a unique binding mechanism.

Cancer Chemopreventive Retinoids: Validation and Analysis of in Vivo and in Vitro Bioassay Results

Test retinoids, were tested for their capacity to inhibit the clonal growth of a squamous carcinoma cell line (SCC-25), which were found to be 2 - 3 logs less sensitive for each tested retinoid than the corresponding activity against NHK cells.

Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of indenoisoquinoline rexinoids with chemopreventive potential.

The design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of both acidic and nonacidic indenoisoquinolines as new RXR ligands are presented, establishing a structural foundation for the design of new and novel rexinoid cancer chemopreventive agents.

Bexarotene inhibits cell proliferation by inducing oxidative stress, DNA damage and apoptosis via PPARγ/ NF-κB signaling pathway in C6 glioma cells

Bexarotene treatment in C6 glioma cells could modulate apoptosis profile, DNA damage, ROS production, and reduction of TAS levels through inhibition of NF-κB by enhancing PPARγ expression.

Rexinoid inhibits Nrf2-mediated transcription through retinoid X receptor alpha.

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