Between trust and domination: social contracts between humans and animals

  title={Between trust and domination: social contracts between humans and animals},
  author={Kristin Armstrong Oma},
  journal={World Archaeology},
  pages={175 - 187}
Abstract Tim Ingold's seminal article ‘From trust to domination’ introduces a hypothesis in which there is a shift from hunter-gatherer cultures to agro-pastoral cultures regarding perceptions of, and engagements with, animals. Whereas hunters regard prey as kindred brothers, farmers regard, and treat, their domestic livestock as slaves. On the basis of this hypothesis, archaeologists frequently take this to be a universal given. In this article, Ingold's hypothesis is critiqued via an in-depth… 

Animals as Social Actors: Cases of Equid Resistance in the Ancient Near East

  • L. Recht
  • Sociology
    Cambridge Archaeological Journal
  • 2019
This paper examines the concept of animals as social actors in the ancient Near East through a case study of human–equid relations. In particular, examples where equids may be seen as expressing

Interactions of Care and Control: Human–animal Relationships in Hunter-gatherer Communities in Near-contemporary Eastern Siberia and the Mesolithic of Northwest Europe

This contribution explores modes of human–animal interactions in hunter-gatherer communities in near-contemporary eastern Siberia and the Mesolithic of northwest Europe. By discussing notions of care

Reflections on Posthuman Ethics. Grievability and the More-than-human Worlds of Iron and Viking Age Scandinavia

Posthuman feminism grows out of interdisciplinary discourse exploring relational metaphysics. It is set apart from other approaches in the broader ontological turn by its central ethical claim: by

Close Companions? A Zooarchaeological Study of the Human–Cattle Relationship in Medieval England

Results indicate that human–cattle relations varied with changing economic, agricultural, and social practices, and the value of cattle changed over time from a status symbol (representing accumulated wealth) to a commodity.

First Encounters: Domestication as Steps of Becoming

  • K. Oma
  • Art
    Cultural Animal Studies
  • 2019
The anthropocene is a term that is rapidly gaining momentum. It presupposes that humans stepped up and took a leading role in driving processes of change in a hereto unprecedented scale.

Sexed animals in Swedish Southern Tradition rock carvings: gender, sexuality, fertility, and implications for animals in Bronze Age ontology

ABSTRACT In figurative Southern Tradition Scandinavian rock art from the Bronze Age (1700–500 cal. BC), animals of several species are, like humans, clearly and intentionally depicted with phalluses.

In praise of outlaws

‘Outlaw’ is not a common category of archaeological thought but it is perhaps more useful than meets the eye. ‘Outlaws’ are typically viewed as contingent on legal and capitalist systems; they are, I

Late Bronze and Iron Age Livestock of the Southern Levant: Their Economic and Symbolic Roles

The faunal assemblages of the Late Bronze and Iron Age southern Levant reveal a great complexity of objectives and methods of livestock exploitation. The assemblages come from sites located in

Reindeer on the Move: An Introduction to the Archaeology of Animal Movement

This chapter presents different perspectives on the study of animal movement using reindeer as an example, and highlights the range of archaeological issues and methods involved in the analysis of animal activity and mobility.



The gift in the animal: The ontology of hunting and human–animal sociality

Many hunting peoples conceive of hunting as a process of reciprocal exchange between hunters and other-than-human persons, and anthropologists have tended to view such accounts as purely symbolic or

Do the clothes make the horse? Relationality, roles and statuses in Iron Age Inner Asia

Abstract Despite recent calls to view nonhuman animals as more than objects within archaeological studies, traditional interpretations of horses in Iron Age Inner Asian communities continue to

Animal Performances

Feminist science studies have given scant regard to non-human animals. In this paper, we argue that it is important for feminist theory to address the complex relationships between humans and other

The stranger, prudence, and trust in Hobbes's theory

In recent years, a number of interpreters of Hobbes's social and political theory have attempted to place it more firmly in its historical context, relating it not only to other theoretical

The Archaeology of People: Dimensions of Neolithic Life

Alasdair Whittle's new work argues powerfully for the complexity and fluidity of life in the Neolithic, through a combination of archaeological and anthropological case studies and current

Animal Rearing as a Contract?

Can animals, and especially cattle, be the subject ofmoral concern? Should we care about their well-being?Two competing ethical theories have addressed suchissues so far. A utilitarian theory which,

Compromising positions: emergent neo-Fordisms and embedded gender contracts.

This paper adopts a regulation framework to chart the emergence of neo-Fordism as a flexible accumulation regime and mode of social regulation and makes visible the differentiated gender effects of work transformation in each country.

Natural Behavior, Animal Rights, or Making Money – A Study of Swedish Organic Farmers' View of Animal Issues

A questionnaire study was performed among Swedish organic livestock farmers to determine their view of animal welfare and other ethical issues in animal production. The questionnaire was sent to

Navigating the human-animal divide: marine mammal hunters and rituals of sensory allurement

Ethnographic and archaeological data reveal that ear bones were purposefully extracted from dugong skulls and used as hunting charms to ritually mediate dialogue between hunters and prey, providing new avenues for exploring the ontological relationship of ancient hunters to prey.

The Farm : The Story of One Family and the English Countryside

When Richard Benson was growing up he felt like 'the village idiot with O'levels' - glowing school reports aren't much help when you're trying to help a sow give birth, or drive a power harrow in a