Between Dissolution and Blood: How Administrative Lines and Categories Shape Secessionist Outcomes

@article{Griffiths2015BetweenDA,
  title={Between Dissolution and Blood: How Administrative Lines and Categories Shape Secessionist Outcomes},
  author={R. Griffiths},
  journal={International Organization},
  year={2015},
  volume={69},
  pages={731 - 751}
}
  • R. Griffiths
  • Published 2015
  • Economics
  • International Organization
Abstract Common wisdom and current scholarship hold that governments need to stand firm in the face of secessionist demands, since permitting the secession of one region can set a precedent for others. For this reason governments will often choose blood rather than risk dissolution. I argue that administrative organization provides states with a third option. Those regions that represent a unique administrative type stand a much better chance of seceding peacefully. Moreover, large articulated… Expand
Membership Has Its Privileges: The Changing Benefits of Statehood
We argue that system-level international changes have made secessionism more attractive since 1945, and that this is one of the reasons for the recent proliferation of aspiring states. Using originalExpand
Does Fiscal Federalism Deter or Spur Secessionist Movements? Empirical Evidence from Europe
Popular and scientific contributions often call for increased regional decision-making power to manage secessionist conflict, assuming that fiscally federalized countries are less prone toExpand
Does Violent Secessionism Work?
Recent research suggests that the strategic use of violence may increase a group’s chance of gaining independence. We investigate this topic using comprehensive data on all secessionist movementsExpand
Strategy in Secession Games
Many factors influence the onset and outcome of secessionist movements. We argue that before greed, grievance, opportunity, internal politics, or the international system can matter, potentialExpand
Reputation, concessions, and territorial civil war
Barbara Walter’s application of reputation theory to self-determination movements has advanced our understanding of why many separatist movements result in armed conflict. Walter has shown thatExpand
Making exit costly but efficient: the political economy of exit clauses and secession
This article presents a political economic analysis of exit from federations. After the federation has formed, members’ benefits from it may be different than expected. If a member ends up notExpand
Rebel governance in de facto states
De facto states, such as Somaliland (Somalia), are unrecognized separatist enclaves that display characteristics of statehood but lack an international legal status. To acquire domestic and externalExpand
International recognition, religion, and the status of Western Sahara
How do countries decide whether or not to recognize an aspiring state? We examine such decisions in the context of contested recognition, which we define as a claim to statehood that is recognized byExpand
How different types of foreign support shape conflict dynamics: Civilian victimization in interstate wars as a consequence of foreign support
Recent studies point at foreign support directed to rebel groups as a factor triggering civilian victimization. The reasoning: rebels think strategically and calculate that more external fundingExpand
Reconsidering the Contested State in Post-1945 International Relations: An Ontological Approach
Most would agree that the recent emergence of the Donetsk and Lugansk Republics in Ukraine, and perhaps the Islamic State, will soon find their place in the already growing literature on contestedExpand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 72 REFERENCES
Membership Has Its Privileges: The Changing Benefits of Statehood
We argue that system-level international changes have made secessionism more attractive since 1945, and that this is one of the reasons for the recent proliferation of aspiring states. Using originalExpand
Friends in High Places: International Politics and the Emergence of States from Secessionism
Abstract State emergence is an essential dynamic of the international system, yet international relations scholars pay it little attention. Their oversight is all the more unfortunate becauseExpand
Separatism as a Bargaining Posture: The Role of Leverage in Minority Radicalization
Why do some minorities seek affirmative action while others pursue territorial autonomy or secession, given similar conditions at the substate level? This article attempts to unpack the puzzle ofExpand
Explaining the Demand for Sovereignty
Why do groups want to secede and where are we most likely to see demands for self-determination? This paper proposes an economic explanation whereby a tradeoff between income and sovereignty impliesExpand
Drawing a Better Line: UTI Possidetis and the Borders of New States
It is now conventional wisdom that the proliferation of ethnic-based violence constitutes the greatest threat to public order and human rights since the lifting of the Iron Curtain. The eruption ofExpand
Information, Uncertainty, and the Decision to Secede
Since 1980 almost half of all armed conflicts have been fought between governments and ethnic minority groups over self-determination, yet surprisingly little is known about when and why theseExpand
Understanding strategic choice
What determines why some self-determination disputes develop into mass nonviolent campaigns, others turn into civil wars, and still others remain entirely in the realm of conventional politics? AExpand
Secession and the invisible hand of the international system
Abstract This article argues that 1945 constitutes an historical inflection point from a period of state expansion to state contraction and that this transformation is primarily the result of changesExpand
Building Reputation: Why Governments Fight Some Separatists but Not Others
This article attempts to show that future players and future stakes—two factors generally ignored by political scientists— strongly influence government decisions to cooperate or fight at leastExpand
The Foreign Policy of Counter Secession: Preventing the Recognition of Contested States
How do states prevent the recognition of territories that have unilaterally declared independence? At a time when the issue of secession is becoming increasingly significant on the world stage, thisExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...