Between Civil Rights and Black Power in the Gateway City: The Action Committee to Improve Opportunities for Negroes (ACTION), 1964-75

@article{Lang2004BetweenCR,
  title={Between Civil Rights and Black Power in the Gateway City: The Action Committee to Improve Opportunities for Negroes (ACTION), 1964-75},
  author={Clarence Lang},
  journal={Journal of Social History},
  year={2004},
  volume={37},
  pages={725 - 754}
}
  • Clarence Lang
  • Published 1 March 2004
  • Sociology
  • Journal of Social History
This article discusses the origins and development of the Action Committee to Improve Opportunities for Negroes (ACTION), a protest organization based in St. Louis, Missouri. Active during the 1960s and 1970s, the group used militant, nonviolent direct action to fight for more and better black employment at the city's major firms. Exploring ACTION's evolution contributes to a revisionist narrative of the Civil Rights' struggle that foregrounds local working-class African Americans. A study of… 
Locating the Civil Rights Movement: An Essay on the Deep South, Midwest, and Border South in Black Freedom Studies
Over the past few decades, scholars of the post-World War II civil rights movement have revisited key issues related to the goals, strategies, ideologies, participants, and periodization of black
Get the Lead Out: Environmental Politics in 1970s St. Louis
During the early 1970s, residents of St. Louis’s poorest African American neighborhoods mounted a spirited campaign to get city politicians and public health officials to address the epidemic of
Black Lives and Spatial Matters: Race-making and Resistance in Suburban St. Louis
Author(s): Rios, Jodi | Advisor(s): Small, Stephen | Abstract: ABSTRACTBLACK LIVES AND SPATIAL MATTERS:Race-making and Resistance in Suburban St. LouisByJodi Sheldon RiosDoctor of Philosophy in
The "Long Movement" as Vampire: Temporal and Spatial Fallacies in Recent Black Freedom Studies
Over the past three decades, scholarship on postwar African American social movements became a mature, well-rounded area of study with different interpretative schools and conflicting theoretical
The Black Power Movement: A State of the Field
“By all rights, there no longer should be much question about the meaning—at least the intended meaning—of Black Power,” the journalist Charles Sutton observed in January 1967. “Between the speeches
Incorporating social justice in tourism planning: racial reconciliation and sustainable community development in the Deep South
Tourism can serve as a vehicle for sustainable community development by contributing to equity and social justice. This happens as tourists learn about marginal groups through educational tourism,
Narrating the Urban Waterfront: The Role of Public History in Community Revitalization
Abstract In recent years, urban waterfronts have become effective settings for community-based public history projects. St. Louis, with a long tradition of historical commemoration on its waterfront,
The “Intact Busing” Program in 1960s St. Louis Public Schools District
Public school desegregation in the United States has come to be characterized and defined by the busing of schoolchildren, which is an activity that has been widely resisted and opposed by the white
Bridging the Divide
Are minority press outlets more likely to provide coverage of minority legislators than white legislators? Does this coverage translate across racial and ethnic lines? This article assesses whether
Hard Asphalt and Heavy Metals: Urban Environmentalism in Postwar America
iii Acknowledgements v Introduction 1 Chapter One The Break Down of the City 25 Chapter Two Black Survival in Our Polluted Cities: 60 St. Louis and the Fight Against Lead Poisoning Chapter Three The
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 54 REFERENCES
Stirring the Masses: Indigenous Roots of the Civil Rights Movement@@@The Origins of the Civil Rights Movement: Black Communities Organizing for Change.
This important and provocative book reflects a trend in recent scholarship concerning the modern struggles for black advancement. Scholars have increasingly moved from a national to a local
Freedom North : black freedom struggles outside the South, 1940-1980
Preface K.Cleaver Foreword R.D.G.Kelley Introduction K.Woodard, J.Theoharis & M.Countryman 'Double V for Victory' Mobilizes Black Detroit, 1941-1948 B.Bates The US Organization, Black Power Politics,
Pullman Porters and the Rise of Protest Politics in Black America, 1925-1945
Linking the labor movement to African Americans' campaign for racial equality Between World War I and World War II, African Americans' quest for civil rights took on a more aggressive character as a
“We're tired of being treated like dogs”: Poor Women and Power Politics in Black Baltimore
conceptualization and resulted in more than legal remedies. The evocation of civil rights and Black Power in urban communities and the attendant activism resulted in changes that addressed
The Negro Family: The Case for National Action
The removal of legal obstacles to equality of opportunity did not directly lead—and has not yet led—to equal results for African Americans considered as a group. Partly as a result, the demand for
A Nation within a Nation: Amiri Baraka (LeRoi Jones) and Black Power Politics
Poet and playwright Amiri Baraka is best known as one of the African American writers who helped ignite the Black Arts Movement of the 1960s. This book examines Baraka's cultural approach to Black
Opportunities Found and Lost: Labor, Radicals, and the Early Civil Rights Movement
Most historians would agree that the modern civil rights movement did not begin with the Supreme Court's decision in Brown v. Board ofEducation. Yet all too often the movement's history has been
The Civil Rights Movement in America
The Civil Rights Movement warrants continuing and extensive examination. The six papers in this collection, each supplemented by a follow-up assessment, contribute to a clearer perception of what
Race Rebels: Culture, Politics, and the Black Working Class
And funds for black cat which evolved out. Many black liberation taking with one's local and scholars. Yet collective setting in particular emphasis on industrial workers his work does. We find much
Local People: The Struggle for Civil Rights in Mississippi
For decades the most racially repressive state in the nation fought bitterly and violently to maintain white supremacy. John Dittmer traces the monumental battle waged by civil rights organizations
...
1
2
3
4
5
...